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The Jewish Liturgical Calendar
Jewish Year, Beginning Rosh HaShanah 5785 [Civil Year 2024–2025]

The Jewish cycle of readings from the Torah and the Prophets
is central to the liturgical and religious life of Jews.
A brief explanation of the readings is outlined below.
Readings given are those read in the Diaspora and
will sometimes vary from the readings read in Israel.
Where Haftarah readings vary for Sephardim they are showen in brackets
See Readings tables for Jewish Years: 5783 5784 5785

Date Event Torah Maftir Haftarah
1 Tishrei
3rd October 2024
Rosh HaShanah I, 5785
ראש השנה
Gen. 21:1-34
maf. Num. 29:1-6
1 Sam. 1:1–2:10
2 Tishrei
4th October 2024
Rosh HaShanah II
ראש השנה
Gen. 22:1-24
maf. Num. 29:1-6
Jer. 31:1-19
3 Tishrei
5th October 2024
Parashat Ha'azinu
[Sabbath of Repentance, Sabbath of Return]
Shabbat Shuvah
פרשת האזינו, שבת שובה
Deut. 32:1-52
Hos. 14: 2-10, Joel 2:15-27
[Hos. 14:2-10, Mic. 7:18-20]
4 Tishrei
6th October 2024
Tzom Gedaliah
[Fast of Gedaliah]
יום גדליה
Fast Day
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
 
9 Tishrei
11th October 2024
erev Yom Kippur
ערב יום הכיפור
10 Tishrei
12th October 2024
Yom Kippur
[Day of Atonement]
יום הכיפור, יום הכיפורים‎
Lev. 16:1-34 [am]  
Lev. 18:1-30 alt. Lev. 19:1-18 [pm]
maf. Num. 29:7-11
Isa. 57:14–58:14 [am]
Book of Jonah
Micah 7:18-20 [pm]
14 Tishrei
16th October 2024
Erev Sukkot
ערב סוכות
15 Tishrei
17th October 2024
Sukkot I
סוכות א׳
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
Zech. 14:1-21
16 Tishrei
18th October 2024
Sukkot II
סוכות ב׳
Sukkot is celebrated over seven days [Eight in the Diaspora.] The first two days of Sukkot are a major holidays [Yom Tov] in the Diaspora and are followed by the Festival "weekdays" called Chol HaMoed. In Israel the Chol HaMoed begin on Sukkot Day II.
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
1 Kgs. 8:2-21
17 Tishrei
19th October 2024
Sukkot III
[Chol HaMoed I]
סוכות שבת חל המועד
Ex. 33:12–34:26
maf. Num. 29:17-22
Ezek. 38:18–39:16
18 Tishrei
20th October 2024
Sukkot IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
סוכות ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Num. 29:20-28
19 Tishrei
21st October 2024
Sukkot V
[Chol HaMoed III]
סוכות ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Num. 29:23-31
20 Tishrei
22nd October 2024
Sukkot VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
סוכות ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 29:26-34
21 Tishrei
23rd October 2024
Sukkot VII
[Hoshanah Rabbah]
סוכות ז׳ הושנא רבה
Num. 29:26-34
22 Tishrei
24th October 2024
Shemini Atzeret
שמיני עצרת
Deut. 14:22–16:17
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
1 Kgs. 8:54-66
22 Tishrei
24th October 2024
erev Simhat Torah
ערב שמחת תורה
In most Jewish communities the Torah is read at night on Simhat Torah. [This is the only time when the Torah is read at night.] There are various customs regarding which Torah sections are read, although many select Vezot Haberachah, the last weekly portion on the Torah, omitting the last verses.
Deut. 33:1-17
[or 33:1-26]
Customs may vary.
23 Tishrei
25th October 2024
Simhat Torah
[Rejoicing in the Torah]
שמחת תורה
Simchat Torah is a celebration marking the conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings and the beginning of a new cycle. In Israel, Simhat Torah and Shemini Atzeret are celebrated on the same day.
Deut. 33:1–34:12
Gen. 1:1–2:3
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
Josh. 1:1-18
[Josh. 1:1-9]
24 Tishrei
26th October 2024
Parashat Bereshit
פרשת בראשית
Gen. 1:1–6:8
Isa. 42:5–43:10
[Isa. 42:5-21]
30 Tishrei
1st November 2024
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
1 Cheshvan
2nd November 2024
Parashat Noach
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
פרשת נח
Gen. 6:9–11:32
maf. Num. 28:9-15
Isa. 66:1-24
8 Cheshvan
9th November 2024
Parashat Lekh Lekha
פרשת לך-לך
Gen. 12:1–17:27Isa. 40:27–41:16
15 Cheshvan
16th November 2024
Parashat Vayera
פרשת וירא
Gen. 18:1–22:24
2 Kgs. 4:1-37
[2 Kgs. 4:1-23]
22 Cheshvan
23rd November 2024
Parashat Chayei Sarah
פרשת חיי שרה
Gen. 23:1–25:18
1 Kgs. 1:1-31
29 Cheshvan
30th November 2024
Parashat Toledot
Shabbat Machar Chodesh
פרשת תולדות, שבת מחר חודש
[Sabbath before Rosh Chodesh]
Gen. 25:19–28:91 Sam. 20:18-42
30 Cheshvan
1st December 2024
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
1 Kislev
2nd December 2024
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
Num. 28:1-15
6 Kislev
7th December 2024
Parashat Vayetze
פרשת ויצא
Gen. 28:10–32:3
Hos. 12:13–14:10
Opt. subst. Mic. 7:18
[Hos. 11:7–12:12]
13 Kislev
14th December 2024
Parashat Vayishlach
פרשת וישלח
Gen. 32:4–36:43
Obad. 1:1-21
Opt. Hos. 11:7–12:12
[Obad. 1:1-21]
20 Kislev
21st December 2024
Parashat Vayeshev
פרשת וישב
Gen. 37:1–40:23Amos 2:6–3:8
24 Kislev
25th December 2024
Erev Chanukah
חנוכה ערב
25 Kislev
26th December 2024
Chanukah I
חנוכה א׳
Num. 7:1-17
26 Kislev
27th December 2024
Chanukah II
חנוכה ב׳
Num. 7:18-29
27 Kislev
28th December 2024
Parashat Miketz
Shabbat Chanukah Day 3
פרשת מקץ חנוכה
Gen. 41:1–44:17
maf. Num. 7:24-29
Zech. 2:14–4:7
28 Kislev
29th December 2024
Chanukah IV
חנוכה ד׳
Num. 7:30-41
29 Kislev
30th December 2024
Chanukah V
חנוכה ה׳
Num. 7:36-47
30 Kislev
31st December 2024
Chanukah VI
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
חנוכה ו׳ בשבת ראש חודש טבת
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:9-15
maf. Num. 7:42-47
1 Tevet
1st January 2025
Chanukah VII
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
חנוכה ז׳, ראש חודש טבת
Num. 28:1-15
maf. Num. 7:48-53
2 Tevet
2nd January 2025
Chanukah VIII
חנוכה ט׳
Num. 7:54–8:4
4 Tevet
4th January 2025
Parashat Vayigash
פרשת ויגש
Gen. 44:18–47:27Ezek. 37:15-28
10 Tevet
10th January 2025
Asara B’Tevet
[The Tenth of Tevet]
עשרה בטבת‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No haftarah for Sephardim]
11 Tevet
11th January 2025
Parashat Vayechi
פרשת ויחי
Gen. 47:28–50:261 Kgs. 2:1-12
18 Tevet
18th January 2025
Parashat Shemot
פרשת שמות
Ex. 1:1–6:1
Isa. 27:6–28:13; 29:22-23
[Jer. 1:1–2:3]
25 Shevat
25th January 2025
Parashat Vaera
פרשת וארא
Ex. 6:2–9:35Ezek. 28:25–29:21
1 Shevat
30th January 2025
Rosh Chodesh Shevat
ראש חודש שבט
Num. 28:1-15
3 Shevat
1st February 2025
Parashat Bo
פרשת בא
Ex. 10:1–13:16Jer. 46:13-28
10 Shevat
8th February 2025
Parashat Beshalach
Shabbat Shirah
פרשת בשלח
Ex. 13:17–17:16
Judg. 4:4–5:31
[Judg. 5:1-31]
15 Shevat
13th February 2025
Tu B’Shvat
[The Fifteenth of Sh'vat]
New Year for Trees
ט״ו בשבט‎; ראש השנה לאילנות
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
17 Shevat
15th February 2025
Parashat Yitro
פרשת יתרו
Ex. 18:1–20:23
Isa. 6:1–7:6; 9:5-6
[Isa. 6:1-13]
24 Shevat
22nd February 2025
Parashat Mishpatim
פרשת משפטים
Ex. 21:1–24:18Jer. 34:8-22; 33:25-26
30 Shevat
28th February 2025
Rosh Chodesh Adar
ראש חודש אדר א׳
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar
1st March 2025
Parashat Terumah
Shabbat Shekalim
Rosh Chodesh
פרשת תרומה, שבת שקלים, ראש חודש
Ex. 25:1–27:19
maf. Num. 28:9-15
maf. Ex. 30:11-16
2 Kgs. 12:1-17
8 Adar
8th March 2025
Parashat Tetzaveh
Shabbat Zachor
פרשת תצוה, שבת זכור
Ex. 27:20–30:10   
maf. Deut. 25:17-19
1 Sam. 15:2-34   
[1 Sam. 15:1-34]
13 Adar
13th March 2025
Ta’anit Esther
[Fast of Esther]
erev Purim
תענית אסתר
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
14 Adar
14th March 2025
Purim
פורים
Ex. 17:8-16
15 Adar
15th March 2025
Parashat Ki Tisa
Shushan Purim
פרשת כי תשא
Ex. 30:11–34:35
1 Kgs. 18:1-39
[1 Kgs. 18:20-39]
22 Adar
22nd March 2025
Parashat Vayakhel
Shabbat Parah
פרשת ויקהל, שבת פרה
Ex. 35:1–38:20
maf. Num. 19:1-22
Ezek. 36:16-38
[1 Kgs. 7:13-26]
29 Adar
29th March 2025
Parashat Pekudei
Shabbat HaChodesh
פרשת פקודי, שבת החודש
Ex. 38:21–40:38
maf. Ex 12:1-20
Ezek. 45:16–46:18
[1 Kgs. 7:40-50]
1 Nisan
30th March 2025
Rosh Chodesh Nisan
ראש חודש ניסן
Num. 28:1-15
7 Nisan
5th April 2025
Parashat Vayikra
פרשת ויקרא
Lev. 1:1–5:26Isa. 43:21–44:23
12 Nisan
10th April 2025
Ta’anit Bechorot
[Fast of the Firstborn]
תענית בכורות‎ ,תענית בכורים
Fast Day [for the Firstborn]
Ex. 32:11–34:10
14 Nisan
12th April 2025
Parashat Tzav
Shabbat HaGadol
erev Pesach
פרשת צו, שבת הגדול
Lev. 6:1–8:36Mal. 3:4–24
15 Nisan
13th April 2025
Pesach I
פסח א׳
Ex. 12:21-51
maf. Num. 28:16-25
Josh. 3:5-7; 5:2–6:1, 27
[Josh. 5:2–6:1, 27]
16 Nisan
14th April 2025
Pesach II
פסח ב׳
Lev. 22:2623, 44
maf. Num. 28:16-25
2 Kgs. 23:1-9, 21-25
17 Nisan
15th April 2025
Pesach III
[Chol HaMoed I]
פסח ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Ex. 13:1-16
maf. Num. 28:19-25
18 Nisan
16th April 2025
Pesach IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
פסח ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Ex. 22:24–23:19
maf. Num. 28:19-25
19 Nisan
17th April 2025
Pesach V
[Chol HaMoed III]
פסח ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Ex. 34:1-26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
20 Nisan
18th April 2025
Pesach VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
פסח ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 9:1-14
maf. Num. 28:19-25
21 Nisan
19th April 2025
Pesach VII Shabbat
פסח ז׳, שבת
Ex. 13:17–15:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
2 Sam. 22:1-51
22 Nisan
20th April 2025
Pesach VIII
פסח ח׳
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Isa. 10:32–12:6
26 Nisan
24th April 2025
Yom HaShoah
[Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day]
יום השואה, יום הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה
28 Nisan
26th April 2025
Parashat Shemini
פרשת שמיני
Lev. 9:1–11:47
2 Sam. 6:1–7:17
[2 Sam. 6:1-19]
30 Nisan
28th April 2025
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
1 Iyar
29th April 2025
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
Num. 28:1-15
2 Iyar
30th April 2025
Yom HaZikaron
[Israeli Remembrance Day]
יום הזיכרון, יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה‎
[Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day]
3 Iyar
1st May 2025
Yom Ha’Atzmaut
[Israel Independence Day]
יום העצמאות‎
Deut. 7:12–8:18
Isa. 10:32–12:6
5 Iyar
3rd May 2025
Parashat Tazria-Metzorah
פרשת תזריע-מצרע
Lev. 12:1–15:332 Kgs. 7:3-20
12 Iyar
10th May 2025
Parashat Achrei Mot-Kedoshim
פרשת אחרי מות-קדשים
Lev. 16:1–20:27
Amos 9:7-15
14 Iyar
12th May 2025
Pesach Sheini
פסח שני
Pesach Sheini is a special celebration of Passover which is celebrated exactly one month after Passover. Its historical purpose was to allow those who for special reason where not able to bring the Passover sacrifice on the correct date to have a second opportunity to do so. The celebration is mentioned in the Torah (Num. 9:1-14).
18 Iyar
16th May 2025
Lag Ba’Omer
[33rd Day in the Omer]
ל״ג בעומר
Lag B'Omer or Lag L'Omer is a holiday marking the 33rd day of the Counting of the Omer and falls on the 18th day of Iyar.
19 Iyar
17th May 2025
Parashat Emor
פרשת אמור
Lev. 21:1–24:23Ezek. 44:15-31
26 Iyar
24th May 2025
Parashat Behar-Behukotai
פרשת בהר-בחקתי
Lev. 25:1–27:34
Jer. 16:19–17:14
28 Iyar
26th May 2025
Yom Yerushalayim
[Jerusalem Day]
יום ירושלים‎
1 Sivan
28th May 2025
Rosh Chodesh Sivan
ראש חודש סיון
Num. 28:1-15
4 Sivan
31st May 2025
Parashat Bamidbar
פרשת במדבר
Num. 1:1–4:20Hos. 2:1-22
5 Sivan
1st June 2025
erev Shavuot
ערב שבועות
6 Sivan
2nd June 2025
Shavuot I
שבועות
Ex. 19:1–20:23
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Ezek. 1:1-28; 3:12
7 Sivan
3rd June 2025
Shavuot II
שבועות
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Hab. 3:1-19
[Hab. 2:20–3:19]
11 Sivan
7th June 2025
Parashat Naso
פרשת נשא
Num. 4:21–7:89Judg. 13:2-25
18 Sivan
14th June 2025
Parashat Beha'alotkha
פרשת בהעלתך
Num. 8:1–12:16
Zech. 2:14–4:7
25 Sivan
21st June 2025
Parashat Shelach Lekha
פרשת שלח־לך
Num. 13:1–15:41Josh. 2:1-24
30 Sivan
26th June 2025
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-28
1 Tammuz
27th June 2025
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
Num. 28:1-28
2 Tammuz
28th June 2025
Parashat Korach
פרשת קורח
Num. 16:1–18:321 Sam. 11:14–12:22
9 Tammuz
5th July 2025
Parashat Chukat
פרשת חקת
Num. 19:1–22:1Judg. 11:1-33
16 Tammuz
12th July 2025
Parashat Balak
פרשת בלק
Num. 22:2–25:9Micah 5:6–6:8
17 Tammuz
13th July 2025
Tzom Tammuz
[17th Tammuz - Shiv'ah Asar b'Tammuz]
צום תמוז, שבעה עשר בתמוז‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
23 Tammuz
19th July 2025
Parashat Pinchas
1st Haftarah Admonition
פרשת פינחס
Num. 25:10–30:1
1st Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 1:1–2:3
1 Av
26th July 2025
Parashat Matot-Masei
2nd Haftarah Admonition
Rosh Chodesh Av
פרשת מטות־מסעי
Num. 30:2–36:13
maf. Num. 36:11-13
2nd Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 2:4-28, 3:4; Isa. 66:1-24
[Jer. 2:4-28, 4:1-2]
8 Av
2nd August 2025
Parashat Devarim
[Sabbath of Vision]
Shabbat Chazon
3rd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת דברים, שבת חזון
Deut. 1:1–3:22
3rd Haftarah of Admonition
Isa. 1:1-27
8 Av
2nd August 2025
erev Tisha B'Av
תשעה באב
The Book of Lamentations
[The Book of Job may be read also.]
9 Av
3rd August 2025
Tisha B'Av
[The Ninth of Av]
ט׳ באב, תשעה באב‎
[Fast Day]
Deut. 4:25-40 [am]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [pm]
Jer. 8:13–9:23 [am]
Isa. 55:6-56:8 [pm]
[Hos. 14:2-10; Micah 7:18-20]
15 Av
9th August 2025
Tu B’Av
[The Fifteenth of Av]
ט"ו באב
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
15 Av
9th August 2025
Parashat Va’etchanan
Shabbat Nachamu
1st Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ואתחנן, שבת נחמו
Deut. 3:23–7:11
1st Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 40:1-26
22 Av
16th August 2025
Parashat Ekev
2nd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת עקב
Deut. 7:12–11:25
2nd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 49:14–51:3
29 Av
23rd August 2025
Parashat Re'eh
3rd Haftarah Consolation
Shabbat Machar Chodesh
פרשת ראה, שבת מחר חודש
Deut. 11:26–16:17
3rd Haftarah of Consolation
1 Sam. 20:18-42
30 Av
24th August 2025
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
In the Ashkenazic tradition, Selichot begin on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah.
Num. 28:1-15
1 Elul
25th August 2025
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
In the Ashkenazic tradition, Selichot begin on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah.
Num. 28:1-15
6 Elul
30th August 2025
Parashat Shofetim
4th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת שופטים
Deut. 16:18–21:9
4th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 51:12–52:12
13 Elul
6th September 2025
Parashat Ki Tetze
5th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תצא
Deut. 21:10–25:19
5th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:1-10
20 Elul
13th September 2025
Parashat Ki Tavo
6th Haftarah Consolation
Leil Selichot [Ashkenazim]
פרשת כי-תבוא
Deut. 26:1–29:8
6th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 60:1-22
27 Elul
20th September 2025
Parashat Nitzavim
7th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת נצבים-וילך
Selichot prayers begin on the Saturday night before Rosh HaShanah for Ashkenazim. If, however, the first day of Rosh HaShanah falls on Monday or Tuesday, Selichot are said beginning the Saturday night prior.
Deut. 29:9–31:30
7th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 61:10–63:9
29 Elul
22nd September 2025
erev Rosh HaShanah
ערב ראש השנה
 

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A brief explanation of the Jewish cycle of readings

The Parashat Hashavuah—The Portion of the Week
The Jewish yearly cycle of Torah readings is divided into weekly portions. Each portion—in Hebrew, a parashah—is part of a sequential reading of the Torah [aka. The Five Books of Moses, The Chumash, or the Pentateuch] so that the whole of the Torah is read within a yearly cycle. [Some Jewish communities follow a Triennial Torah reading cycle.1]

The name of the parashah [portion] is taken from the first words of the parashah. There are 54 weekly portions—one for each week of the Jewish leap year and one, Parashat Vezot ha-Beracha, which is always reserved for Simchat Torah. In non-leap years [50 weeks] portions are paired and read together.

In the table above the Parashat Hashavuah is listed with its accompanying Haftarah reading and follows the readings used in the Diaspora. These readings may vary from portions read in Israel at times when, as is customary in the Diaspora, a second day of a Jewish holiday is celebrated and falls on Shabbat. Sometimes, the length of time that the parashiot are "out of sync" can be quite long, e.g., up to fifteen weeks. When Diaspora readings are out of sync with Israel certain rules around what parashiot should be read at certain times in the cycle of observances help bring the two groups back into line, e.g., Shabbat Nachmanu (Parashat Vaetchanan) is always read on the shabbat following Tisha B’Av; Ha’azinu must be read before the last Shabbat of Sukkot so that the final Parashat, V’zot Ha-Beracha, can be read on Simchat Torah. These rules, combined with reading doubled Parashiyot on designated Shabbats all ensure both Israel and the Diaspora are in sync to read the same parashah on the Shabbat before Tisha B'av.

The table above, beginning with Rosh Hashanah—the first day of the Jewish year—completes the entire reading cycle within one year. Communities who read the Parashat Hashavuah over three years will read a section from each parashah each week. At times the Haftarah reading varies according to diffierent traditions. When this occurs the Sephardic reading is added in brackets.

The Haftarah
The haftarah is a reading from the Prophets and adds a reflection to the parashah. While each parashah normally has its own accompanying haftarah reading, the haftarah reading also varies, during the year, according to special festivals or events. The word haftarah comes from the Hebrew root pey.tet.resh, meaning “concluding”, “parting” or “ending.”

The practice of adding a haftarah reading to the Torah portion is ancient and has obscure origins. The Talmud mentions the haftarah being read in the presence of Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus (c. 70 CE) and evidence from the New Testament indicates that the haftarah readings were a common practice. Acts 13:15 states, "After the reading from the Law and the Prophets the leaders of the synagogue sent word to them saying..."

Haftarah readings given in brackets in the above table indicate readings used in the Sephardic tradition where these differ from the readings of the Ashkenazim.

The Maftir
The word maftir, which belongs to the same Hebrew root as haftarah [pey.tet.resh] means “concluder” and refers to the last person called [i.e., the last Aliyah (aliyah, “to go up”)] to the Torah of the succession of readers at a Sabbath morning or holiday service. This person normally reads the haftarah. The maftir reading normally repeats the last words of the parashat hashavuah. This is according to an ancient custom which sort to honor the greater importance of the Torah over the Prophetic reading (Talmud, Megillah 23a). On special Sabbaths and holidays a special reading is added [provided in the table above] which is related to the celebration or event.

A Point of interest: The division of the parashah hashavuah readings [the plural of parashah is sometimes spelled and pronounced, Parshiot or Parshiyot or Parashot] found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Jewish communities (Ashkenazic, Sephardic, and Yemenite) is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls, Ch. 8. Maimonides based his division of the portions of the Torah on the Aleppo Codex.

1. The Triennial Torah Reading Cycle. In some traditions the cycle of Torah readings is completed over three years—this pattern is modelled on an ancient Rabbinic tradition in Israel [which may in fact be even older] in which each portion was divided into three parts, each part being read in sequence over the course of three years thus completing the reading of the five books of the Torah over three years. This practice has been revived in some Jewish congregations today.

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