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The Jewish Liturgical Calendar
Jewish Year, Beginning Rosh HaShanah 5784 [Civil Year 2023–2024]

The Jewish cycle of readings from the Torah and the Prophets
is central to the liturgical and religious life of Jews.
A brief explanation of the readings is outlined below.
Readings given are those read in the Diaspora and
will sometimes vary from the readings read in Israel.
Where Haftarah readings vary for Sephardim they are showen in brackets
See Readings tables for Jewish Years: 5783 5784 5785

Date Event Torah Maftir Haftarah
1 Tishrei
16th September 2023
Rosh HaShanah I, 5784
ראש השנה
Gen. 21:1-34
maf. Num. 29:1-6
1 Sam. 1:1–2:10
2 Tishrei
17th September 2023
Rosh HaShanah II
ראש השנה
Gen. 22:1-24
maf. Num. 29:1-6
Jer. 31:1-19
3 Tishrei
18th September 2023
Tzom Gedaliah
[Fast of Gedaliah]
יום גדליה
Fast Day
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
 
8 Tishrei
23rd September 2023
Parashat Ha'azinu
[Sabbath of Repentance, Sabbath of Return]
Shabbat Shuvah
פרשת האזינו, שבת שובה
Deut. 32:1-52
Hos. 14: 2-10, Joel 2:15-27
[Hos. 14:2-10, Mic. 7:18-20]
9 Tishrei
24th September 2023
erev Yom Kippur
ערב יום הכיפור
10 Tishrei
25th September 2023
Yom Kippur
[Day of Atonement]
יום הכיפור, יום הכיפורים‎
Lev. 16:1-34 [am]  
Lev. 18:1-30 alt. Lev. 19:1-18 [pm]
maf. Num. 29:7-11
Isa. 57:14–58:14 [am]
Book of Jonah
Micah 7:18-20 [pm]
14 Tishrei
29th September 2023
Erev Sukkot
ערב סוכות
15 Tishrei
30th September 2023
Sukkot I
סוכות א׳
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
Zech. 14:1-21
16 Tishrei
1st October 2023
Sukkot II
סוכות ב׳
Sukkot is celebrated over seven days [Eight in the Diaspora.] The first two days of Sukkot are a major holidays [Yom Tov] in the Diaspora and are followed by the Festival "weekdays" called Chol HaMoed. In Israel the Chol HaMoed begin on Sukkot Day II.
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
1 Kgs. 8:2-21
17 Tishrei
2nd October 2023
Sukkot III
[Chol HaMoed I]
סוכות ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Num. 29:17-25
18 Tishrei
3rd October 2023
Sukkot IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
סוכות ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Num. 29:20-28
19 Tishrei
4th October 2023
Sukkot V
[Chol HaMoed III]
סוכות ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Num. 29:23-31
20 Tishrei
5th October 2023
Sukkot VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
סוכות ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 29:26-34
21 Tishrei
6th October 2023
Sukkot VII
[Hoshanah Rabbah]
סוכות ז׳ הושנא רבה
Num. 29:26-34
22 Tishrei
7th October 2023
Shemini Atzeret
שמיני עצרת
Deut. 14:22–16:17
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
1 Kgs. 8:54-66
22 Tishrei
7th October 2023
erev Simhat Torah
ערב שמחת תורה
In most Jewish communities the Torah is read at night on Simhat Torah. [This is the only time when the Torah is read at night.] There are various customs regarding which Torah sections are read, although many select Vezot Haberachah, the last weekly portion on the Torah, omitting the last verses.
Deut. 33:1-17
[or 33:1-26]
Customs may vary.
23 Tishrei
8th October 2023
Simhat Torah
[Rejoicing in the Torah]
שמחת תורה
Simchat Torah is a celebration marking the conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings and the beginning of a new cycle. In Israel, Simhat Torah and Shemini Atzeret are celebrated on the same day.
Deut. 33:1–34:12
Gen. 1:1–2:3
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
Josh. 1:1-18
[Josh. 1:1-9]
29 Tishrei
14th October 2023
Parashat Bereshit
[Shabbat Machar Chodesh]
פרשת בראשית, שבת מחר חודש
[Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh]
Gen. 1:1–6:8
1 Sam. 20:18-42
30 Tishrei
15th October 2023
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
1 Cheshvan
16th October 2023
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
Num. 28:1-15
6 Cheshvan
21st October 2023
Parashat Noach
פרשת נח
Gen. 6:9–11:32
Isa. 54:1–55:5
[Isa. 54:1-10]
13 Cheshvan
28th October 2023
Parashat Lekh Lekha
פרשת לך-לך
Gen. 12:1–17:27Isa. 40:27–41:16
20 Cheshvan
4th November 2023
Parashat Vayera
פרשת וירא
Gen. 18:1–22:24
2 Kgs. 4:1-37
[2 Kgs. 4:1-23]
27 Cheshvan
11th November 2023
Parashat Chayei Sarah
פרשת חיי שרה
Gen. 23:1–25:18
1 Kgs. 1:1-31
1 Kislev
14th November 2023
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
Num. 28:1-15
5 Kislev
18th November 2023
Parashat Toledot
פרשת תולדות
Gen. 25:19–28:9Mal. 1:1–2:7
12 Kislev
25th November 2023
Parashat Vayetze
פרשת ויצא
Gen. 28:10–32:3
Hos. 12:13–14:10
Opt. subst. Mic. 7:18
[Hos. 11:7–12:12]
19 Kislev
2nd December 2023
Parashat Vayishlach
פרשת וישלח
Gen. 32:4–36:43
Obad. 1:1-21
Opt. Hos. 11:7–12:12
[Obad. 1:1-21]
24 Kislev
7th December 2023
Erev Chanukah
חנוכה ערב
25 Kislev
8th December 2023
Chanukah I
חנוכה א׳
Num. 7:1-17
26 Kislev
9th December 2023
Parashat Vayeshev
Shabbat Chanukah II
פרשת וישב חנוכה ב׳
[Shabbat Chanukah Day 2]
Gen. 37:1–40:23
maf. Num. 7:18-29
Zech. 2:14–4:7
27 Kislev
10th December 2023
Chanukah III
חנוכה ג׳
Num. 7:24-35
28 Kislev
11th December 2023
Chanukah IV
חנוכה ד׳
Num. 7:30-41
29 Kislev
12th December 2023
Chanukah V
חנוכה ה׳
Num. 7:36-47
1 Tevet
13th December 2023
Chanukah VI
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
חנוכה ו׳ בשבת ראש חודש טבת
Num. 28:9-15
maf. Num. 7:42-47
2 Tevet
14th December 2023
Chanukah VII
חנוכה ז׳
Num. 7:48-59
3 Tevet
15th December 2023
Chanukah VIII
חנוכה ט׳
Num. 7:54–8:4
4 Tevet
16th December 2023
Parashat Miketz
פרשת מקץ
Gen. 41:1–44:17
1 Kgs. 3:15–4:1
10 Tevet
22nd December 2023
Asara B’Tevet
[The Tenth of Tevet]
עשרה בטבת‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No haftarah for Sephardim]
11 Tevet
23rd December 2023
Parashat Vayigash
פרשת ויגש
Gen. 44:18–47:27Ezek. 37:15-28
18 Tevet
30th December 2023
Parashat Vayechi
פרשת ויחי
Gen. 47:28–50:261 Kgs. 2:1-12
25 Tevet
6th January 2024
Parashat Shemot
פרשת שמות
Ex. 1:1–6:1
Isa. 27:6–28:13; 29:22-23
[Jer. 1:1–2:3]
1 Shevat
11th January 2024
Rosh Chodesh Shevat
ראש חודש שבט
Num. 28:1-15
3 Shevat
13th January 2024
Parashat Vaera
פרשת וארא
Ex. 6:2–9:35Ezek. 28:25–29:21
10 Shevat
20th January 2024
Parashat Bo
פרשת בא
Ex. 10:1–13:16Jer. 46:13-28
15 Shevat
25th January 2024
Tu B’Shvat
[The Fifteenth of Sh'vat]
New Year for Trees
ט״ו בשבט‎; ראש השנה לאילנות
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
17 Shevat
27th January 2024
Parashat Beshalach
Shabbat Shirah
פרשת בשלח
Ex. 13:17–17:16
Judg. 4:4–5:31
[Judg. 5:1-31]
24 Shevat
3rd February 2024
Parashat Yitro
פרשת יתרו
Ex. 18:1–20:23
Isa. 6:1–7:6; 9:5-6
[Isa. 6:1-13]
30 Shevat
9th February 2024
Rosh Chodesh Adar I
ראש חודש אדר א׳
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar I
10th February 2024
Parashat Mishpatim
Rosh Chodesh Adar I
פרשת משפטים, ראש חודש אדר א׳
Ex. 21:1–24:18
maf. Num. 28:9-15
Isa. 66:1-24
8 Adar I
17th February 2024
Parashat Terumah
פרשת תרומה
Ex. 25:1–27:191 Kgs. 5:26–6:13
14 Adar I
23rd February 2024
Purim Katan
פורים קטן
In leap years Purim is celebrated in Adar II. Purim Katan is a minor Purim celebration celebrated in Adar I in Leap years.
15 Adar I
24th February 2024
Parashat Tetzaveh
פרשת תצוה
Ex. 27:20–30:10Ezek. 43:10-27
22 Adar I
2nd March 2024
Parashat Ki Tisa
פרשת כי תשא
Ex. 30:11–34:35
1 Kgs. 18:1-39
[1 Kgs. 18:20-39]
29 Adar I
9th March 2024
Parashat Vayakhel
Shabbat Skekalim
Shabbat Machar Chodesh
פרשת ויקהל, שבת שקלים
Ex. 35:1–38:20
maf. Ex. 30:11-16
2 Kgs. 12:1-17
[1 Kgs. 7:13-26]
30 Adar I
10th March 2024
Rosh Chodesh Adar II
ראש חודש אדר ב׳
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar II
11th March 2024
Rosh Chodesh Adar II
ראש חודש אדר ב׳
Num. 28:1-15
6 Adar II
16th March 2024
Parashat Pekudei
פרשת פקודי
Ex. 38:21–40:38
1 Kgs 7:51–8:21
[1 Kgs 7:40-50]
11 Adar II
21st March 2024
Ta’anit Esther
[Fast of Esther]
erev Purim
תענית אסתר
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
13 Adar II
23rd March 2024
Parashat Vayikra
Shabbat Zachor
erev Purim
פרשת ויקרא, שבת זכור
Lev. 1:1–5:26
maf. Deut. 25:17-19
1 Sam. 15:2-34
[1 Sam. 15:1-34]
14 Adar II
24th March 2024
Purim
פורים
Ex. 17:8-16
15 Adar II
25th March 2024
Shushan Purim
שושן פורים
Shushan Purim is celebrated in Jerusalem and walled cities.  
20 Adar II
30th March 2024
Parashat Tzav
Shabbat Parah
פרשת צו, שבת פרה
Lev. 1:1–8:36
maf. Num. 19:1-22
Ezek. 36:16-38
[Ezek. 36:16-36]
27 Adar II
6th April 2024
Parashat Shemini
Shabbat HaChodesh
פרשת שמיני, שבת החודש
Lev. 9:1–11:47
maf. Ex. 12:1-20
Ezek. 45:16–46:18
[2 Sam. 6:1-19]
1 Nisan
9th April 2024
Rosh Chodesh Nisan
ראש חודש ניסן
Num. 28:1-15
5 Nisan
13th April 2024
Parashat Tazria
פרשת תזריע
Lev. 12:1–13:59
2 Kgs. 4:42–5:19
12 Nisan
20th April 2024
Parashat Metzorah
Shabbat HaGadol
פרשת מצרע, שבת החודש
Lev. 14:1–15:33
Mal. 3:4-24
14 Nisan
22nd April 2024
Ta’anit Bechorot
[Fast of the Firstborn]
תענית בכורות‎ ,תענית בכורים
Fast Day [for the Firstborn]
Ex. 32:11–34:10
14 Nisan
22nd April 2024
Erev Pesach
ערב פסח
15 Nisan
23rd April 2024
Pesach I
פסח א׳
Ex. 12:21-51
maf. Num. 28:16-25
Josh. 3:5-7; 5:2–6:1, 27
[Josh. 5:2–6:1, 27]
16 Nisan
24th April 2024
Pesach II
פסח ב׳
Lev. 22:2623, 44
maf. Num. 28:16-25
2 Kgs. 23:1-9, 21-25
17 Nisan
25th April 2024
Pesach III
[Chol HaMoed I]
פסח ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Ex. 13:1-16
maf. Num. 28:19-25
18 Nisan
26th April 2024
Pesach IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
פסח ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Ex. 22:24–23:19
maf. Num. 28:19-25
19 Nisan
27th April 2024
Pesach Shabbat
[Chol HaMoed]
פסח שבת, חל המועד
Ex. 33:12–34:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Ezek. 37:1-14
[Ezek. 36:37–37:14]
20 Nisan
28th April 2024
Pesach VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
פסח ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 9:1-14
maf. Num. 28:19-25
21 Nisan
29th April 2024
Pesach VII
פסח ז׳
Ex. 13:17–15:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
2 Sam. 22:1-51
22 Nisan
30th April 2024
Pesach VIII
פסח ח׳
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Isa. 10:32–12:6
26 Nisan
4th May 2024
Parashat Aharei Mot
פרשת אחרי מות
Lev. 16:1–18:30
Ezek. 22:1-19
[Ezek. 22:1-16]
28 Nisan
6th May 2024
Yom HaShoah
[Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day]
יום השואה, יום הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה
30 Nisan
8th May 2024
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
1 Iyar
9th May 2024
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
3 Iyar
11th May 2024
Parashat Kedoshim
פרשת קדשים
Lev. 19:1–20:27
Amos 9:7-15
[Ezek. 20:2-20]
5 Iyar
13th May 2024
Yom HaZikaron
[Israeli Remembrance Day]
יום הזיכרון, יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה‎
[Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day]
6 Iyar
14th May 2024
Yom Ha’Atzmaut
[Israel Independence Day]
יום העצמאות‎
Deut. 7:12–8:18
Isa. 10:32–12:6
10 Iyar
18th May 2024
Parashat Emor
פרשת אמור
Lev. 21:1–24:23Ezek. 44:15-31
14 Iyar
22nd May 2024
Pesach Sheini
פסח שני
Pesach Sheini is a special celebration of Passover which is celebrated exactly one month after Passover. Its historical purpose was to allow those who for special reason where not able to bring the Passover sacrifice on the correct date to have a second opportunity to do so. The celebration is mentioned in the Torah (Num. 9:1-14).
17 Iyar
25th May 2024
Parashat Behar
פרשת בהר
Lev. 25:1–26:2Jer. 32:6-27
18 Iyar
26th May 2024
Lag Ba’Omer
[33rd Day in the Omer]
ל״ג בעומר
Lag B'Omer or Lag L'Omer is a holiday marking the 33rd day of the Counting of the Omer and falls on the 18th day of Iyar.
24 Iyar
1st June 2024
Parashat Behukotai
פרשת בחקתי
Lev. 26:3–27:34
Jer. 16:19–17:14
28 Iyar
5th June 2024
Yom Yerushalayim
[Jerusalem Day]
יום ירושלים‎
1 Sivan
7th June 2024
Rosh Chodesh Sivan
ראש חודש סיון
Num. 28:1-15
2 Sivan
8th June 2024
Parashat Bamidbar
פרשת במדבר
Num. 1:1–4:20Hos. 2:1-22
5 Sivan
11th June 2024
erev Shavuot
ערב שבועות
6 Sivan
12th June 2024
Shavuot I
שבועות
Ex. 19:1–20:23
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Ezek. 1:1-28; 3:12
7 Sivan
13th June 2024
Shavuot II
שבועות
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Hab. 3:1-19
[Hab. 2:20–3:19]
9 Sivan
15th June 2024
Parashat Naso
פרשת נשא
Num. 4:21–7:89Judg. 13:2-25
16 Sivan
22nd June 2024
Parashat Beha'alotkha
פרשת בהעלתך
Num. 8:1–12:16
Zech. 2:14–4:7
23 Sivan
29th June 2024
Parashat Shelach Lekha
פרשת שלח־לך
Num. 13:1–15:41Josh. 2:1-24
30 Sivan
6th July 2024
Parashat Korach
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
פרשת קורח, ראש חודש
Num. 16:1–18:32
maf. Num. 28:9-15
Isa. 66:1-24
1 Tammuz
7th July 2024
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-28
7 Tammuz
13th July 2024
Parashat Chukat
פרשת חקת
Num. 19:1–22:1Judg. 11:1-33
14 Tammuz
20th July 2024
Parashat Balak
פרשת בלק
Num. 22:2–25:9Micah 5:6–6:8
17 Tammuz
23rd July 2024
Tzom Tammuz
[17th Tammuz - Shiv'ah Asar b'Tammuz]
צום תמוז, שבעה עשר בתמוז‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
21 Tammuz
27th July 2024
Parashat Pinchas
1st Haftarah Admonition
פרשת פינחס
Num. 25:10–30:1
1st Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 1:1–2:3
28 Tammuz
3rd August 2024
Parashat Matot-Masei
2nd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת מטות-מסעי
Num. 30:2–36:13
2nd Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 2:4-28; 3:4
[Jer. 2:4-28; 4:1-2]
1 Av
5th August 2024
Rosh Chodesh Av
ראש חודש אב
Num. 28:1-15
6 Av
10th August 2024
Parashat Devarim
[Sabbath of Vision]
Shabbat Chazon
3rd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת דברים, שבת חזון
Deut. 1:1–3:22
3rd Haftarah of Admonition
Isa. 1:1-27
8 Av
12th August 2024
erev Tisha B'Av
תשעה באב
The Book of Lamentations
[The Book of Job may be read also.]
9 Av
13th August 2024
Tisha B'Av
[The Ninth of Av]
ט׳ באב, תשעה באב‎
[Fast Day]
Deut. 4:25-40 [am]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [pm]
Jer. 8:13–9:23 [am]
Isa. 55:6-56:8 [pm]
[Hos. 14:2-10; Micah 7:18-20]
13 Av
17th August 2024
Parashat Va’etchanan
Shabbat Nachamu
1st Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ואתחנן, שבת נחמו
Deut. 3:23–7:11
1st Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 40:1-26
15 Av
19th August 2024
Tu B’Av
[The Fifteenth of Av]
ט"ו באב
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
20 Av
24th August 2024
Parashat Ekev
2nd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת עקב
Deut. 7:12–11:25
2nd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 49:14–51:3
27 Av
31st August 2024
Parashat Re'eh
3rd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ראה
Deut. 11:26–16:17
3rd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:11–55:5
30 Av
3rd September 2024
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
In the Ashkenazic tradition, Selichot begin on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah.
Num. 28:1-15
1 Elul
4th September 2024
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
In the Ashkenazic tradition, Selichot begin on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah.
Num. 28:1-15
4 Elul
7th September 2024
Parashat Shofetim
4th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת שופטים
Deut. 16:18–21:9
4th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 51:12–52:12
11 Elul
14th September 2024
Parashat Ki Tetze
5th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תצא
Deut. 21:10–25:19
5th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:1-10
18 Elul
21st September 2024
Parashat Ki Tavo
6th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תבוא
Deut. 26:1–29:8
6th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 60:1-22
25 Elul
28th September 2024
Parashat Nitzavim-VaYelekh
7th Haftarah Consolation
Leil Selichot [Ashkenazim]
פרשת נצבים-וילך
Selichot prayers begin on the Saturday night before Rosh HaShanah for Ashkenazim. If, however, the first day of Rosh HaShanah falls on Monday or Tuesday, Selichot are said beginning the Saturday night prior.
Deut. 29:9–31:30
7th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 61:10–63:9
29 Elul
2nd October 2024
Erev Rosh HaShanah
ערב ראש השנה
 

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A brief explanation of the Jewish cycle of readings

The Parashat Hashavuah—The Portion of the Week
The Jewish yearly cycle of Torah readings is divided into weekly portions. Each portion—in Hebrew, a parashah—is part of a sequential reading of the Torah [aka. The Five Books of Moses, The Chumash, or the Pentateuch] so that the whole of the Torah is read within a yearly cycle. [Some Jewish communities follow a Triennial Torah reading cycle.1]

The name of the parashah [portion] is taken from the first words of the parashah. There are 54 weekly portions—one for each week of the Jewish leap year and one, Parashat Vezot ha-Beracha, which is always reserved for Simchat Torah. In non-leap years [50 weeks] portions are paired and read together.

In the table above the Parashat Hashavuah is listed with its accompanying Haftarah reading and follows the readings used in the Diaspora. These readings may vary from portions read in Israel at times when, as is customary in the Diaspora, a second day of a Jewish holiday is celebrated and falls on Shabbat. Sometimes, the length of time that the parashiot are "out of sync" can be quite long, e.g., up to fifteen weeks. When Diaspora readings are out of sync with Israel certain rules around what parashiot should be read at certain times in the cycle of observances help bring the two groups back into line, e.g., Shabbat Nachmanu (Parashat Vaetchanan) is always read on the shabbat following Tisha B’Av; Ha’azinu must be read before the last Shabbat of Sukkot so that the final Parashat, V’zot Ha-Beracha, can be read on Simchat Torah. These rules, combined with reading doubled Parashiyot on designated Shabbats all ensure both Israel and the Diaspora are in sync to read the same parashah on the Shabbat before Tisha B'av.

The table above, beginning with Rosh Hashanah—the first day of the Jewish year—completes the entire reading cycle within one year. Communities who read the Parashat Hashavuah over three years will read a section from each parashah each week. At times the Haftarah reading varies according to diffierent traditions. When this occurs the Sephardic reading is added in brackets.

The Haftarah
The haftarah is a reading from the Prophets and adds a reflection to the parashah. While each parashah normally has its own accompanying haftarah reading, the haftarah reading also varies, during the year, according to special festivals or events. The word haftarah comes from the Hebrew root pey.tet.resh, meaning “concluding”, “parting” or “ending.”

The practice of adding a haftarah reading to the Torah portion is ancient and has obscure origins. The Talmud mentions the haftarah being read in the presence of Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus (c. 70 CE) and evidence from the New Testament indicates that the haftarah readings were a common practice. Acts 13:15 states, "After the reading from the Law and the Prophets the leaders of the synagogue sent word to them saying..."

Haftarah readings given in brackets in the above table indicate readings used in the Sephardic tradition where these differ from the readings of the Ashkenazim.

The Maftir
The word maftir, which belongs to the same Hebrew root as haftarah [pey.tet.resh] means “concluder” and refers to the last person called [i.e., the last Aliyah (aliyah, “to go up”)] to the Torah of the succession of readers at a Sabbath morning or holiday service. This person normally reads the haftarah. The maftir reading normally repeats the last words of the parashat hashavuah. This is according to an ancient custom which sort to honor the greater importance of the Torah over the Prophetic reading (Talmud, Megillah 23a). On special Sabbaths and holidays a special reading is added [provided in the table above] which is related to the celebration or event.

A Point of interest: The division of the parashah hashavuah readings [the plural of parashah is sometimes spelled and pronounced, Parshiot or Parshiyot or Parashot] found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Jewish communities (Ashkenazic, Sephardic, and Yemenite) is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls, Ch. 8. Maimonides based his division of the portions of the Torah on the Aleppo Codex.

1. The Triennial Torah Reading Cycle. In some traditions the cycle of Torah readings is completed over three years—this pattern is modelled on an ancient Rabbinic tradition in Israel [which may in fact be even older] in which each portion was divided into three parts, each part being read in sequence over the course of three years thus completing the reading of the five books of the Torah over three years. This practice has been revived in some Jewish congregations today.

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