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The Jewish Liturgical Calendar
Jewish Year, Beginning Rosh HaShanah 5783 [Civil Year 2022–2023]

The Jewish cycle of readings from the Torah and the Prophets
is central to the liturgical and religious life of Jews.
A brief explanation of the readings is outlined below.
Readings given are those read in the Diaspora and
will sometimes vary from the readings read in Israel.
Where Haftarah readings vary for Sephardim they are showen in brackets
See Readings tables for Jewish Years: 5783 5784 5785

Date Event Torah Maftir Haftarah
1 Tishrei
26th September 2022
Rosh HaShanah I, 5783
ראש השנה
Gen. 21:1-34
maf. Num. 29:1-6
1 Sam. 1:1–2:10
2 Tishrei
27th September 2022
Rosh HaShanah II
ראש השנה
Gen. 22:1-24
maf. Num. 29:1-6
Jer. 31:1-19
3 Tishrei
28th September 2022
Tzom Gedaliah
[Fast of Gedaliah]
יום גדליה
Fast Day
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
 
6 Tishrei
1st October 2022
Parashat VaYelekh
Shabbat Shuvah
פרשת וילך, שבת שובה
Deut. 31:1-30
Hos. 14:2-10; Mic. 7:18-20
[Hos. 14:2-10; Mic. 7:18-20]
9 Tishrei
4th October 2022
erev Yom Kippur
ערב יום הכיפור
10 Tishrei
5th October 2022
Yom Kippur
[Day of Atonement]
יום הכיפור, יום הכיפורים‎
Lev. 16:1-34 [am]  
Lev. 18:1-30 alt. Lev. 19:1-18 [pm]
maf. Num. 29:7-11
Isa. 57:14–58:14 [am]
Book of Jonah
Micah 7:18-20 [pm]
13 Tishrei
8th October 2022
Parashat Ha'azinu
פרשת האזינו
Deut. 32:1-522 Sam. 22:1-51
14 Tishrei
9th October 2022
Erev Sukkot
ערב סוכות
15 Tishrei
10th October 2022
Sukkot I
סוכות א׳
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
Zech. 14:1-21
16 Tishrei
11th October 2022
Sukkot II
סוכות ב׳
Sukkot is celebrated over seven days [Eight in the Diaspora.] The first two days of Sukkot are a major holidays [Yom Tov] in the Diaspora and are followed by the Festival "weekdays" called Chol HaMoed. In Israel the Chol HaMoed begin on Sukkot Day II.
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
1 Kgs. 8:2-21
17 Tishrei
12th October 2022
Sukkot III
[Chol HaMoed I]
סוכות ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Num. 29:17-25
18 Tishrei
13th October 2022
Sukkot IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
סוכות ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Num. 29:20-28
19 Tishrei
14th October 2022
Sukkot V
[Chol HaMoed III]
סוכות ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Num. 29:23-31
20 Tishrei
15th October 2022
Sukkot VI Shabbat
[Chol HaMoed IV]
סוכות שבת חל המועד
Ex. 33:12–34:26
maf. Num. 29:26-31
Ezek. 38:18–39:16
21 Tishrei
16th October 2022
Sukkot VII
[Hoshanah Rabbah]
סוכות ז׳ הושנא רבה
Num. 29:26-34
22 Tishrei
17th October 2022
Shemini Atzeret
שמיני עצרת
Deut. 14:22–16:17
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
1 Kgs. 8:54-66
22 Tishrei
17th October 2022
erev Simhat Torah
ערב שמחת תורה
In most Jewish communities the Torah is read at night on Simhat Torah. [This is the only time when the Torah is read at night.] There are various customs regarding which Torah sections are read, although many select Vezot Haberachah, the last weekly portion on the Torah, omitting the last verses.
Deut. 33:1-17
[or 33:1-26]
Customs may vary.
23 Tishrei
18th October 2022
Simhat Torah
[Rejoicing in the Torah]
שמחת תורה
Simchat Torah is a celebration marking the conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings and the beginning of a new cycle. In Israel, Simhat Torah and Shemini Atzeret are celebrated on the same day.
Deut. 33:1–34:12
Gen. 1:1–2:3
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
Josh. 1:1-18
[Josh. 1:1-9]
27 Tishrei
22nd October 2022
Parashat Bereshit
פרשת בראשית
Gen. 1:1–6:8
Isa. 42:5–43:10
[Isa. 42:5-21]
30 Tishrei
25th October 2022
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
1 Cheshvan
26th October 2022
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
Num. 28:1-15
4 Cheshvan
29th October 2022
Parashat Noach
פרשת נח
Gen. 6:9–11:32
Isa. 54:1–55:5
[Isa. 54:1-10]
11 Cheshvan
5th November 2022
Parashat Lekh Lekha
פרשת לך-לך
Gen. 12:1–17:27Isa. 40:27–41:16
18 Cheshvan
12th November 2022
Parashat Vayera
פרשת וירא
Gen. 18:1–22:24
2 Kgs. 4:1-37
[2 Kgs. 4:1-23]
25 Cheshvan
19th November 2022
Parashat Chayei Sarah
פרשת חיי שרה
Gen. 23:1–25:18
1 Kgs. 1:1-31
30 Cheshvan
24th November 2022
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
1 Kislev
25th November 2022
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
Num. 28:1-15
2 Kislev
26th November 2022
Parashat Toledot
פרשת תולדות
Gen. 25:19–28:9Mal. 1:1–2:7
9 Kislev
3rd December 2022
Parashat Vayetze
פרשת ויצא
Gen. 28:10–32:3
Hos. 12:13–14:10
Opt. subst. Mic. 7:18
[Hos. 11:7–12:12]
16 Kislev
10th December 2022
Parashat Vayishlach
פרשת וישלח
Gen. 32:4–36:43
Obad. 1:1-21
Opt. Hos. 11:7–12:12
[Obad. 1:1-21]
23 Kislev
17th December 2022
Parashat Vayeshev
פרשת וישב
Gen. 37:1–40:23Amos 2:6–3:8
24 Kislev
18th December 2022
Erev Chanukah
חנוכה ערב
25 Kislev
19th December 2022
Chanukah I
חנוכה א׳
Num. 7:1-17
26 Kislev
20th December 2022
Chanukah II
חנוכה ב׳
Num. 7:18-29
27 Kislev
21st December 2022
Chanukah III
חנוכה ג׳
Num. 7:24-35
28 Kislev
22nd December 2022
Chanukah IV
חנוכה ד׳
Num. 7:30-41
29 Kislev
23rd December 2022
Chanukah V
חנוכה ה׳
Num. 7:36-47
30 Kislev
24th December 2022
Parashat Miketz Shabbat Chanukah
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
פרשת מקץ חנוכה
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Gen. 41:1–44:17
Num. 28:9-15
maf. Num. 7:42-47   
Zech. 2:14–4:7
1 Tevet
25th December 2022
Chanukah VII
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
חנוכה ז׳, ראש חודש טבת
Num. 28:1-15
maf. Num. 7:48-53
2 Tevet
26th December 2022
Chanukah VIII
חנוכה ט׳
Num. 7:54–8:4
7 Tevet
31st December 2022
Parashat Vayigash
פרשת ויגש
Gen. 44:18–47:27Ezek. 37:15-28
10 Tevet
3rd January 2023
Asara B’Tevet
[The Tenth of Tevet]
עשרה בטבת‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No haftarah for Sephardim]
14 Tevet
7th January 2023
Parashat Vayechi
פרשת ויחי
Gen. 47:28–50:261 Kgs. 2:1-12
21 Tevet
14th January 2023
Parashat Shemot
פרשת שמות
Ex. 1:1–6:1
Isa. 27:6–28:13; 29:22-23
[Jer. 1:1–2:3]
28 Tevet
21st January 2023
Parashat Vaera
פרשת וארא
Ex. 6:2–9:35Ezek. 28:25–29:21
1 Shevat
23rd January 2023
Rosh Chodesh Shevat
ראש חודש שבט
Num. 28:1-15
6 Shevat
28th January 2023
Parashat Bo
פרשת בא
Ex. 10:1–13:16Jer. 46:13-28
13 Shevat
4th February 2023
Parashat Beshalach
Shabbat Shirah
פרשת בשלח
Ex. 13:17–17:16
Judg. 4:4–5:31
[Judg. 5:1-31]
15 Shevat
6th February 2023
Tu B’Shvat
[The Fifteenth of Sh'vat]
New Year for Trees
ט״ו בשבט‎; ראש השנה לאילנות
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
20 Shevat
11th February 2023
Parashat Yitro
פרשת יתרו
Ex. 18:1–20:23
Isa. 6:1–7:6; 9:5-6
[Isa. 6:1-13]
27 Shevat
18th February 2023
Parashat Mishpatim
Shabbat Shekalim
פרשת משפטים, שבת שקלים
Ex. 21:1–24:18
maf. Ex. 30:11-16
2 Kgs. 12:1-17
[2 Kgs. 11:17–12:17]
30 Shevat
21st February 2023
Rosh Chodesh Adar
ראש חודש אדר א׳
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar
22nd February 2023
Rosh Chodesh Adar
ראש חודש אדר א׳
Num. 28:1-15
4 Adar
25th February 2023
Parashat Terumah
פרשת תרומה
Ex. 25:1–27:191 Kgs. 5:26–6:13
11 Adar
4th March 2023
Parashat Tetzaveh
Shabbat Zachor
פרשת תצוה, שבת זכור
Ex. 27:20–30:10   
maf. Deut. 25:17-19
1 Sam. 15:2-34   
[1 Sam. 15:1-34]
13 Adar
6th March 2023
Ta’anit Esther
[Fast of Esther]
erev Purim
תענית אסתר
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
14 Adar
7th March 2023
Purim
פורים
Ex. 17:8-16
15 Adar
8th March 2023
Shushan Purim
שושן פורים
Shushan Purim is celebrated in Jerusalem and walled cities.  
18 Adar
11th March 2023
Parashat Ki Tisa
Shabbat Parah
פרשת כי תשא, שבת פרה
Ex. 30:11–34:35   
maf. Num. 19:1-22
Ezek. 36:16-38
[Ezek: 36:16-36]
25 Adar
18th March 2023
Parashat Vayakhel–Pekudei
Shabbat HaChodesh
פרשת ויקהל-פקודי, שבת החודש
Ex. 35:1–40:38
maf. Ex. 12:1-20
Ezek. 45:16–46:18
[Ezek. 45:16–46:15]
1 Nisan
23rd March 2023
Rosh Chodesh Nisan
ראש חודש ניסן
Num. 28:1-15
3 Nisan
25th March 2023
Parashat Vayikra
פרשת ויקרא
Lev. 1:1–5:26Isa. 43:21–44:23
10 Nisan
1st April 2023
Parashat Tzav
Shabbat HaGadol
פרשת צו, שבת הגדול
Lev. 6:1–8:36Mal. 3:4–24
14 Nisan
5th April 2023
Ta’anit Bechorot
[Fast of the Firstborn]
תענית בכורות‎ ,תענית בכורים
Fast Day [for the Firstborn]
Ex. 32:11–34:10
14 Nisan
5th April 2023
Erev Pesach
ערב פסח
15 Nisan
6th April 2023
Pesach I
פסח א׳
Ex. 12:21-51
maf. Num. 28:16-25
Josh. 3:5-7; 5:2–6:1, 27
[Josh. 5:2–6:1, 27]
16 Nisan
7th April 2023
Pesach II
פסח ב׳
Lev. 22:2623, 44
maf. Num. 28:16-25
2 Kgs. 23:1-9, 21-25
17 Nisan
8th April 2023
Pesach Shabbat
[Chol HaMoed I]
פסח שבת, חל המועד
Ex. 33:12–34:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Ezek. 37:1-14
[Ezek. 36:37–37:14]
18 Nisan
9th April 2023
Pesach IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
פסח ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Ex. 22:24–23:19
maf. Num. 28:19-25
19 Nisan
10th April 2023
Pesach V
[Chol HaMoed III]
פסח ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Ex. 34:1-26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
20 Nisan
11th April 2023
Pesach VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
פסח ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 9:1-14
maf. Num. 28:19-25
21 Nisan
12th April 2023
Pesach VII
פסח ז׳
Ex. 13:17–15:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
2 Sam. 22:1-51
22 Nisan
13th April 2023
Pesach VIII
פסח ח׳
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Isa. 10:32–12:6
24 Nisan
15th April 2023
Parashat Shemini
פרשת שמיני
Lev. 9:1–11:47
2 Sam. 6:1–7:17
[2 Sam. 6:1-19]
27 Nisan
18th April 2023
Yom HaShoah
[Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day]
יום השואה, יום הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה
30 Nisan
21st April 2023
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
1 Iyar
22nd April 2023
Parashat Tazria-Metzorah
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
פרשת תזריע-מצרע, ראש חודש
[Rosh Chodesh]
Lev. 12:1–15:33
maf. Num. 28:9-15
Isa. 66:1-24
4 Iyar
25th April 2023
Yom HaZikaron
[Israeli Remembrance Day]
יום הזיכרון, יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה‎
[Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day]
5 Iyar
26th April 2023
Yom Ha’Atzmaut
[Israel Independence Day]
יום העצמאות‎
Deut. 7:12–8:18
Isa. 10:32–12:6
8 Iyar
29th April 2023
Parashat Aharei Mot-Kedoshim
פרשת אחרי מות-קדשים
Lev. 16:1–20:27
Amos 9:7-15
14 Iyar
5th May 2023
Pesach Sheini
פסח שני
Pesach Sheini is a special celebration of Passover which is celebrated exactly one month after Passover. Its historical purpose was to allow those who for special reason where not able to bring the Passover sacrifice on the correct date to have a second opportunity to do so. The celebration is mentioned in the Torah (Num. 9:1-14).
15 Iyar
6th May 2023
Parashat Emor
פרשת אמור
Lev. 21:1–24:23Ezek. 44:15-31
18 Iyar
9th May 2023
Lag Ba’Omer
[33rd Day in the Omer]
ל״ג בעומר
Lag B'Omer or Lag L'Omer is a holiday marking the 33rd day of the Counting of the Omer and falls on the 18th day of Iyar.
22 Iyar
13th May 2023
Parashat Behar-Behukotai
פרשת בהר-בחקתי
Lev. 25:1–27:34
Jer. 16:19–17:14
28 Iyar
19th May 2023
Yom Yerushalayim
[Jerusalem Day]
יום ירושלים‎
29 Iyar
20th May 2023
Parashat Bamidbar
Shabbat Machar Chodesh
פרשת במדבר, שבת מחר חודש
[Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh]
Num. 1:1–4:201 Sam. 20:18-42
1 Sivan
21st May 2023
Rosh Chodesh Sivan
ראש חודש סיון
Num. 28:1-15
5 Sivan
25th May 2023
erev Shavuot
ערב שבועות
6 Sivan
26th May 2023
Shavuot I
שבועות
Ex. 19:1–20:23
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Ezek. 1:1-28; 3:12
7 Sivan
27th May 2023
Shavuot II
שבועות בשבת
Deut. 14:22–16:17
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Hab. 3:1-19
[Hab. 2:20–3:19]
14 Sivan
3rd June 2023
Parashat Naso
פרשת נשא
Num. 4:21–7:89Judg. 13:2-25
21 Sivan
10th June 2023
Parashat Beha'alotkha
פרשת בהעלתך
Num. 8:1–12:16
Zech. 2:14–4:7
28 Sivan
17th June 2023
Parashat Shelach Lekha
פרשת שלח־לך
Num. 13:1–15:41Josh. 2:1-24
30 Sivan
19th June 2023
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-28
1 Tammuz
20th June 2023
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
Num. 28:1-28
5 Tammuz
24th June 2023
Parashat Korach
פרשת קורח
Num. 16:1–18:321 Sam. 11:14–12:22
12 Tammuz
1st July 2023
Parashat Chukat-Balak
פרשת חקת-בלק
Num. 19:1–25:9Micah 5:6–6:8
17 Tammuz
6th July 2023
Tzom Tammuz
[17th Tammuz - Shiv'ah Asar b'Tammuz]
צום תמוז, שבעה עשר בתמוז‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
19 Tammuz
8th July 2023
Parashat Pinchas
1st Haftarah Admonition
פרשת פינחס
Num. 25:10–30:1
1st Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 1:1–2:3
26 Tammuz
15th July 2023
Parashat Matot-Masei
2nd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת מטות-מסעי
Num. 30:2–36:13
2nd Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 2:4-28; 3:4
[Jer. 2:4-28; 4:1-2]
1 Av
19th July 2023
Rosh Chodesh Av
ראש חודש אב
Num. 28:1-15
4 Av
22nd July 2023
Parashat Devarim
[Sabbath of Vision]
Shabbat Chazon
3rd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת דברים, שבת חזון
Deut. 1:1–3:22
3rd Haftarah of Admonition
Isa. 1:1-27
8 Av
26th July 2023
erev Tisha B'Av
תשעה באב
The Book of Lamentations
[The Book of Job may be read also.]
9 Av
27th July 2023
Tisha B'Av
[The Ninth of Av]
ט׳ באב, תשעה באב‎
[Fast Day]
Deut. 4:25-40 [am]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [pm]
Jer. 8:13–9:23 [am]
Isa. 55:6-56:8 [pm]
[Hos. 14:2-10; Micah 7:18-20]
11 Av
29th July 2023
Parashat Va’etchanan
Shabbat Nachamu
1st Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ואתחנן, שבת נחמו
Deut. 3:23–7:11
1st Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 40:1-26
15 Av
2nd August 2023
Tu B’Av
[The Fifteenth of Av]
ט"ו באב
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
18 Av
5th August 2023
Parashat Ekev
2nd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת עקב
Deut. 7:12–11:25
2nd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 49:14–51:3
25 Av
12th August 2023
Parashat Re'eh
3rd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ראה
Deut. 11:26–16:17
3rd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:11–55:5
30 Av
17th August 2023
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
In the Ashkenazic tradition, Selichot begin on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah.
Num. 28:1-15
1 Elul
18th August 2023
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
In the Ashkenazic tradition, Selichot begin on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah.
Num. 28:1-15
2 Elul
19th August 2023
Parashat Shofetim
4th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת שופטים
Deut. 16:18–21:9
4th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 51:12–52:12
9 Elul
26th August 2023
Parashat Ki Tetze
5th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תצא
Deut. 21:10–25:19
5th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:1-10
16 Elul
2nd September 2023
Parashat Ki Tavo
6th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תבוא
Selichot prayers begin on the Saturday night before Rosh HaShanah for Ashkenazim. If, however, the first day of Rosh HaShanah falls on Monday or Tuesday, Selichot are said beginning the Saturday night prior.
Deut. 26:1–29:8
6th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 60:1-22
23 Elul
9th September 2023
Parashat Nitzavim-VaYelekh
7th Haftarah Consolation
Leil Selichot [Ashkenazim]
פרשת נצבים-וילך
Selichot prayers begin on the Saturday night before Rosh HaShanah for Ashkenazim. If, however, the first day of Rosh HaShanah falls on Monday or Tuesday, Selichot are said beginning the Saturday night prior.
Deut. 29:9–31:30
7th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 61:10–63:9
29 Elul
15th September 2023
Erev Rosh HaShanah
ערב ראש השנה
 

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A brief explanation of the Jewish cycle of readings

The Parashat Hashavuah—The Portion of the Week
The Jewish yearly cycle of Torah readings is divided into weekly portions. Each portion—in Hebrew, a parashah—is part of a sequential reading of the Torah [aka. The Five Books of Moses, The Chumash, or the Pentateuch] so that the whole of the Torah is read within a yearly cycle. [Some Jewish communities follow a Triennial Torah reading cycle.1]

The name of the parashah [portion] is taken from the first words of the parashah. There are 54 weekly portions—one for each week of the Jewish leap year and one, Parashat Vezot ha-Beracha, which is always reserved for Simchat Torah. In non-leap years [50 weeks] portions are paired and read together.

In the table above the Parashat Hashavuah is listed with its accompanying Haftarah reading and follows the readings used in the Diaspora. These readings may vary from portions read in Israel at times when, as is customary in the Diaspora, a second day of a Jewish holiday is celebrated and falls on Shabbat. Sometimes, the length of time that the parashiot are "out of sync" can be quite long, e.g., up to fifteen weeks. When Diaspora readings are out of sync with Israel certain rules around what parashiot should be read at certain times in the cycle of observances help bring the two groups back into line, e.g., Shabbat Nachmanu (Parashat Vaetchanan) is always read on the shabbat following Tisha B’Av; Ha’azinu must be read before the last Shabbat of Sukkot so that the final Parashat, V’zot Ha-Beracha, can be read on Simchat Torah. These rules, combined with reading doubled Parashiyot on designated Shabbats all ensure both Israel and the Diaspora are in sync to read the same parashah on the Shabbat before Tisha B'av.

The table above, beginning with Rosh Hashanah—the first day of the Jewish year—completes the entire reading cycle within one year. Communities who read the Parashat Hashavuah over three years will read a section from each parashah each week. At times the Haftarah reading varies according to diffierent traditions. When this occurs the Sephardic reading is added in brackets.

The Haftarah
The haftarah is a reading from the Prophets and adds a reflection to the parashah. While each parashah normally has its own accompanying haftarah reading, the haftarah reading also varies, during the year, according to special festivals or events. The word haftarah comes from the Hebrew root pey.tet.resh, meaning “concluding”, “parting” or “ending.”

The practice of adding a haftarah reading to the Torah portion is ancient and has obscure origins. The Talmud mentions the haftarah being read in the presence of Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus (c. 70 CE) and evidence from the New Testament indicates that the haftarah readings were a common practice. Acts 13:15 states, "After the reading from the Law and the Prophets the leaders of the synagogue sent word to them saying..."

Haftarah readings given in brackets in the above table indicate readings used in the Sephardic tradition where these differ from the readings of the Ashkenazim.

The Maftir
The word maftir, which belongs to the same Hebrew root as haftarah [pey.tet.resh] means “concluder” and refers to the last person called [i.e., the last Aliyah (aliyah, “to go up”)] to the Torah of the succession of readers at a Sabbath morning or holiday service. This person normally reads the haftarah. The maftir reading normally repeats the last words of the parashat hashavuah. This is according to an ancient custom which sort to honor the greater importance of the Torah over the Prophetic reading (Talmud, Megillah 23a). On special Sabbaths and holidays a special reading is added [provided in the table above] which is related to the celebration or event.

A Point of interest: The division of the parashah hashavuah readings [the plural of parashah is sometimes spelled and pronounced, Parshiot or Parshiyot or Parashot] found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Jewish communities (Ashkenazic, Sephardic, and Yemenite) is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls, Ch. 8. Maimonides based his division of the portions of the Torah on the Aleppo Codex.

1. The Triennial Torah Reading Cycle. In some traditions the cycle of Torah readings is completed over three years—this pattern is modelled on an ancient Rabbinic tradition in Israel [which may in fact be even older] in which each portion was divided into three parts, each part being read in sequence over the course of three years thus completing the reading of the five books of the Torah over three years. This practice has been revived in some Jewish congregations today.

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