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The Jewish Liturgical Calendar
Jewish Year, Beginning Rosh HaShanah 5782 [Civil Year 2021–2022]

The Jewish cycle of readings from the Torah and the Prophets
is central to the liturgical and religious life of Jews.
A brief explanation of the readings is outlined below.
Readings given are those read in the Diaspora and
will sometimes vary from the readings read in Israel.
Where Haftarah readings vary for Sephardim they are showen in brackets
See Readings tables for Jewish Years: 5781 5782 5783

Date Event Torah Maftir Haftarah
1 Tishrei
7th September 2021
Rosh HaShanah I, 5782
ראש השנה
Gen. 21:1-34
maf. Num. 29:1-6
1 Sam. 1:1–2:10
2 Tishrei
8th September 2021
Rosh HaShanah II
ראש השנה
Gen. 22:1-24
maf. Num. 29:1-6
Jer. 31:1-19
3 Tishrei
9th September 2021
Tzom Gedaliah
[Fast of Gedaliah]
יום גדליה
Fast Day
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
 
5 Tishrei
11th September 2021
Parashat VaYelekh
Shabbat Shuva
פרשת וילך, שבת שובה
Deut. 31:1-30
Hos. 14:2-10; Mic. 7:18-20; Joel 2:15-27
[Hos. 14:2-10; Mic. 7:18-20]
9 Tishrei
15th September 2021
erev Yom Kippur
ערב יום הכיפור
10 Tishrei
16th September 2021
Yom Kippur
[Day of Atonement]
יום הכיפור, יום הכיפורים‎
Lev. 16:1-34 [am]  
Lev. 18:1-30 alt. Lev. 19:1-18 [pm]
maf. Num. 29:7-11
Isa. 57:14–58:14 [am]
Book of Jonah
Micah 7:18-20 [pm]
12 Tishrei
18th September 2021
Parashat Ha'azinu
פרשת האזינו
Deut. 32:1-522 Sam. 22:1-51
14 Tishrei
20th September 2021
Erev Sukkot
ערב סוכות
15 Tishrei
21st September 2021
Sukkot I
סוכות א׳
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
Zech. 14:1-21
16 Tishrei
22nd September 2021
Sukkot II
סוכות ב׳
Sukkot is celebrated over seven days [Eight in the Diaspora.] The first two days of Sukkot are a major holidays [Yom Tov] in the Diaspora and are followed by the Festival "weekdays" called Chol HaMoed. In Israel the Chol HaMoed begin on Sukkot Day II.
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
1 Kgs. 8:2-21
17 Tishrei
23rd September 2021
Sukkot III
[Chol HaMoed I]
סוכות ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Num. 29:17-25
18 Tishrei
24th September 2021
Sukkot IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
סוכות ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Num. 29:20-28
19 Tishrei
25th September 2021
Sukkot Shabbat
[Chol HaMoed III]
סוכות שבת חל המועד
Ex. 33:12–34:26
maf. Num. 29:23-28
Ezek. 38:18–39:16
20 Tishrei
26th September 2021
Sukkot VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
סוכות ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 29:26-34
21 Tishrei
27th September 2021
Sukkot VII
[Hoshanah Rabbah]
סוכות ז׳ הושנא רבה
Num. 29:26-34
22 Tishrei
28th September 2021
Shemini Atzeret
שמיני עצרת
Deut. 14:22–16:17
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
1 Kgs. 8:54-66
22 Tishrei
28th September 2021
erev Simhat Torah
ערב שמחת תורה
In most Jewish communities the Torah is read at night on Simhat Torah. [This is the only time when the Torah is read at night.] There are various customs regarding which Torah sections are read, although many select Vezot Haberachah, the last weekly portion on the Torah, omitting the last verses.
Deut. 33:1-17
[or 33:1-26]
Customs may vary.
23 Tishrei
29th September 2021
Simhat Torah
[Rejoicing in the Torah]
שמחת תורה
Simchat Torah is a celebration marking the conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings and the beginning of a new cycle. In Israel, Simhat Torah and Shemini Atzeret are celebrated on the same day.
Deut. 33:1–34:12
Gen. 1:1–2:3
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
Josh. 1:1-18
[Josh. 1:1-9]
26 Tishrei
2nd October 2021
Parashat Bereshit
פרשת בראשית
Gen. 1:1–6:8
Isa. 42:5–43:10
[Isa. 42:5-21]
30 Tishrei
6th October 2021
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
Num. 28:1-15
1 Cheshvan
7th October 2021
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
Num. 28:1-15
3 Cheshvan
9th October 2021
Parashat Noach
פרשת נח
Gen. 6:9–11:32
Isa. 54:1–55:5
[Isa. 54:1-10]
10 Cheshvan
16th October 2021
Parashat Lekh Lekha
פרשת לך-לך
Gen. 12:1–17:27Isa. 40:27–41:16
17 Cheshvan
23rd October 2021
Parashat Vayera
פרשת וירא
Gen. 18:1–22:24
2 Kgs. 4:1-37
[2 Kgs. 4:1-23]
24 Cheshvan
30th October 2021
Parashat Chayei Sarah
פרשת חיי שרה
Gen. 23:1–25:18
1 Kgs. 1:1-31
1 Kislev
5th November 2021
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
Num. 28:1-15
2 Kislev
6th November 2021
Parashat Toledot
פרשת תולדות
Gen. 25:19–28:9Mal. 1:1–2:7
9 Kislev
13th November 2021
Parashat Vayetze
פרשת ויצא
Gen. 28:10–32:3
Hos. 12:13–14:10
Opt. subst. Mic. 7:18
[Hos. 11:7–12:12]
16 Kislev
20th November 2021
Parashat Vayishlach
פרשת וישלח
Gen. 32:4–36:43
Obad. 1:1-21
Opt. Hos. 11:7–12:12
[Obad. 1:1-21]
23 Kislev
27th November 2021
Parashat Vayeshev
פרשת וישב
Gen. 37:1–40:23Amos 2:6–3:8
24 Kislev
28th November 2021
Erev Chanukah
חנוכה ערב
25 Kislev
29th November 2021
Chanukah I
חנוכה א׳
Num. 7:1-17
26 Kislev
30th November 2021
Chanukah II
חנוכה ב׳
Num. 7:18-29
27 Kislev
1st December 2021
Chanukah III
חנוכה ג׳
Num. 7:24-35
28 Kislev
2nd December 2021
Chanukah IV
חנוכה ד׳
Num. 7:30-41
29 Kislev
3rd December 2021
Chanukah V
חנוכה ה׳
Num. 7:36-47
30 Kislev
4th December 2021
Parashat Miketz Shabbat Chanukah
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
פרשת מקץ חנוכה
Gen. 41:1–44:17
Num. 28:9-15
maf. Num. 7:42-47   
Zech. 2:14–4:7
1 Tevet
5th December 2021
Chanukah VII
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
חנוכה ז׳, ראש חודש טבת
Num. 28:1-15
maf. Num. 7:48-53
2 Tevet
6th December 2021
Chanukah VIII
חנוכה ט׳
Num. 7:54–8:4
7 Tevet
11th December 2021
Parashat Vayigash
פרשת ויגש
Gen. 44:18–47:27Ezek. 37:15-28
10 Tevet
14th December 2021
Asara B’Tevet
[The Tenth of Tevet]
עשרה בטבת‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No haftarah for Sephardim]
14 Tevet
18th December 2021
Parashat Vayechi
פרשת ויחי
Gen. 47:28–50:261 Kgs. 2:1-12
21 Tevet
25th December 2021
Parashat Shemot
פרשת שמות
Ex. 1:1–6:1
Isa. 27:6–28:13; 29:22-23
[Jer. 1:1–2:3]
28 Tevet
1st January 2022
Parashat Vaera
פרשת וארא
Ex. 6:2–9:35Ezek. 28:25–29:21
1 Shevat
3rd January 2022
Rosh Chodesh Shevat
ראש חודש שבט
Num. 28:1-15
6 Shevat
8th January 2022
Parashat Bo
פרשת בא
Ex. 10:1–13:16Jer. 46:13-28
13 Shevat
15th January 2022
Parashat Beshalach
פרשת בשלח
Ex. 13:17–17:16
Judg. 4:4–5:31
[Judg. 5:1-31]
15 Shevat
17th January 2022
Tu B’Shvat
[The Fifteenth of Sh'vat]
New Year for Trees
ט״ו בשבט‎; ראש השנה לאילנות
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
20 Shevat
22nd January 2022
Parashat Yitro
פרשת יתרו
Ex. 18:1–20:23
Isa. 6:1–7:6; 9:5-6
[Isa. 6:1-13]
27 Shevat
29th January 2022
Parashat Mishpatim
פרשת משפטים
Ex. 21:1–24:18Jer. 34:8-22; 33:25-26
30 Shevat
1st February 2022
Rosh Chodesh Adar I
ראש חודש אדר א׳
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar I
2nd February 2022
Rosh Chodesh Adar I
ראש חודש אדר א׳
Num. 28:1-15
4 Adar I
5th February 2022
Parashat Terumah
פרשת תרומה
Ex. 25:1–27:191 Kgs. 5:26–6:13
11 Adar I
12th February 2022
Parashat Tetzaveh
פרשת תצוה
Ex. 27:20–30:10Ezek. 43:10-27
14 Adar I
15th February 2022
Purim Katan
פורים קטן
In leap years Purim is celebrated in Adar II. Purim Katan is a minor Purim celebration celebrated in Adar I in Leap years.
18 Adar I
19th February 2022
Parashat Ki Tisa
פרשת כי תשא
Ex. 30:11–34:35
1 Kgs. 18:1-39
[1 Kgs. 18:20-39]
25 Adar I
26th February 2022
Parashat Vayakhel
Shabbat Shekalim
פרשת ויקהל
Ex. 35:1–38:20
maf. Ex. 30:11-16
2 Kgs. 12:1-17
[2 Kgs. 11:17–12:17]
30 Adar I
3rd March 2022
Rosh Chodesh Adar II
ראש חודש אדר ב׳
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar II
4th March 2022
Rosh Chodesh Adar II
ראש חודש אדר ב׳
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
2 Adar II
5th March 2022
Parashat Pekudei
פרשת פקודי
Ex. 38:21–40:38
1 Kgs 7:51–8:21
[1 Kgs 7:40-50]
9 Adar II
12th March 2022
Parashat Vayikra
Shabbat Zachor
פרשת ויקרא, שבת זכור
Lev. 1:1–5:26
maf. Deut. 25:17-19
1 Sam. 15:2-34
[1 Sam. 15:1-34]
13 Adar II
16th March 2022
Ta’anit Esther
[Fast of Esther]
erev Purim
תענית אסתר
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
14 Adar II
17th March 2022
Purim
פורים
Ex. 17:8-16
15 Adar II
18th March 2022
Shushan Purim
שושן פורים
Shushan Purim is celebrated in Jerusalem and walled cities.  
16 Adar II
19th March 2022
Parashat Tzav
פרשת צו
Lev. 6:1–8:36
Jer. 7:21–8:3; 9:22–9:23
23 Adar II
26th March 2022
Parashat Shemini
Shabbat Parah
פרשת שמיני, שבת פרה
Lev. 9:1–11:47
maf. Num. 19:1-22
Ezek. 36:16-38
[Ezek: 36:16-36]
1 Nisan
2nd April 2022
Parashat Tazria
Shabbat HaChodesh
פרשת תזריע, שבת החודש
Lev. 12:1–13:59
maf. Ex. 12:1-20
Ezek. 45:16–46:18
[Ezek. 45:18–46:15]
8 Nisan
9th April 2022
Parashat Metzorah
Shabbat HaGadol
פרשת מצרע, שבת החודש
Lev. 14:1–15:33
Mal. 3:4-24
14 Nisan
15th April 2022
Ta’anit Bechorot
[Fast of the Firstborn]
תענית בכורות‎ ,תענית בכורים
Fast Day [for the Firstborn]
Ex. 32:11–34:10
14 Nisan
15th April 2022
Erev Pesach
ערב פסח
15 Nisan
16th April 2022
Pesach I Shabbat
פסח שבת
Ex. 12:21-51
maf. Num. 28:16-25
Josh. 3:5-7; 5:2–6:1, 27
[Josh. 5:2–6:1, 27]
16 Nisan
17th April 2022
Pesach II
פסח ב׳
Lev. 22:2623, 44
maf. Num. 28:16-25
2 Kgs. 23:1-9, 21-25
17 Nisan
18th April 2022
Pesach III
[Chol HaMoed I]
פסח ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Ex. 13:1-16
maf. Num. 28:19-25
18 Nisan
19th April 2022
Pesach IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
פסח ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Ex. 22:24–23:19
maf. Num. 28:19-25
19 Nisan
20th April 2022
Pesach V
[Chol HaMoed III]
פסח ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Ex. 34:1-26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
20 Nisan
21st April 2022
Pesach VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
פסח ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 9:1-14
maf. Num. 28:19-25
21 Nisan
22nd April 2022
Pesach VII
פסח ז׳
Ex. 13:17–15:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
2 Sam. 22:1-51
22 Nisan
23rd April 2022
Pesach VIII Shabbat
פסח ח׳, שבת
Deut. 14:2216:17
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Isa. 10:32–12:6
27 Nisan
28th April 2022
Yom HaShoah
[Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day]
יום השואה, יום הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה
29 Nisan
30th April 2022
Parashat Aharei Mot
Shabbat Machar Chodesh
פרשת אחרי מות
Lev. 16:1–18:30
Ezek. 22:1-19
[Ezek. 22:1-16]
30 Nisan
1st May 2022
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
Num. 28:1-15
I Iyar
2nd May 2022
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
Num. 28:1-15
3 Iyar
4th May 2022
Yom HaZikaron
[Israeli Remembrance Day]
יום הזיכרון, יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה‎
[Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day]
4 Iyar
5th May 2022
Yom Ha’Atzmaut
[Israel Independence Day]
יום העצמאות‎
Deut. 7:12–8:18
Isa. 10:32–12:6
6 Iyar
7th May 2022
Parashat Kedoshim
פרשת קדשים
Lev. 19:1–20:27
Amos 9:7-15
[Ezek. 20:2-20]
13 Iyar
14th May 2022
Parashat Emor
פרשת אמור
Lev. 21:1–24:23Ezek. 44:15-31
14 Iyar
15th May 2022
Pesach Sheini
פסח שני
Pesach Sheini is a special celebration of Passover which is celebrated exactly one month after Passover. Its historical purpose was to allow those who for special reason where not able to bring the Passover sacrifice on the correct date to have a second opportunity to do so. The celebration is mentioned in the Torah (Num. 9:1-14).
18 Iyar
19th May 2022
Lag Ba’Omer
[33rd Day in the Omer]
ל״ג בעומר
Lag B'Omer or Lag L'Omer is a holiday marking the 33rd day of the Counting of the Omer and falls on the 18th day of Iyar.
20 Iyar
21st May 2022
Parashat Behar
פרשת בהר
Lev. 25:1–26:2Jer. 32:6-27
27 Iyar
28th May 2022
Parashat Bechukotai
פרשת בחקתי
Lev. 26:3–27:34
Jer. 16:19–17:14
28 Iyar
29th May 2022
Yom Yerushalayim
[Jerusalem Day]
יום ירושלים‎
1 Sivan
31st May 2022
Rosh Chodesh Sivan
ראש חודש סיון
Num. 28:1-15
5 Sivan
4th June 2022
Parashat Bamidbar
פרשת במדבר
Num. 1:1–4:20Hos. 2:1-22
5 Sivan
4th June 2022
erev Shavuot
ערב שבועות
6 Sivan
5th June 2022
Shavuot I
שבועות
Ex. 19:1–20:23
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Ezek. 1:1-28; 3:12
7 Sivan
6th June 2022
Shavuot II
שבועות
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Hab. 3:1-19
[Hab. 2:20–3:19]
12 Sivan
11th June 2022
Parashat Naso
פרשת נשא
Num. 4:21–7:89Judg. 13:2-25
19 Sivan
18th June 2022
Parashat Beha'alotkha
פרשת בהעלתך
Num. 8:1–12:16
Zech. 2:14–4:7
26 Sivan
25th June 2022
Parashat Shelach Lekha
פרשת שלח־לך
Num. 13:1–15:41Josh. 2:1-24
30 Sivan
29th June 2022
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
Num. 28:1-28
1 Tammuz
30th June 2022
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
Num. 28:1-28
3 Tammuz
2nd July 2022
Parashat Korach
פרשת קורח
Num. 16:1–18:321 Sam. 11:14–12:22
10 Tammuz
9th July 2022
Parashat Chukat
פרשת חקת
Num. 19:1–22:1Judg. 11:1-33
17 Tammuz
16th July 2022
Parashat Balak
פרשת בלק
Num. 22:2–25:9Micah 5:6–6:8
18 Tammuz
17th July 2022
Tzom Tammuz
[17th Tammuz - Shiv'ah Asar b'Tammuz]
צום תמוז, שבעה עשר בתמוז‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
24 Tammuz
23rd July 2022
Parashat Pinchas
1st Haftarah Admonition
פרשת פינחס
Num. 25:10–30:1
1st Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 1:1–2:3
1 Av
29th July 2022
Rosh Chodesh Av
ראש חודש אב
Num. 28:1-15
2 Av
30th July 2022
Parashat Matot-Masei
2nd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת מטות-מסעי
Num. 30:2–36:13
2nd Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 2:4-28; 3:4
[Jer. 2:4-28; 4:1-2]
9 Av
6th August 2022
Parashat Devarim
[Sabbath of Vision]
Shabbat Chazon
3rd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת דברים, שבת חזון
Deut. 1:1–3:22
3rd Haftarah of Admonition
Isa. 1:1-27
9 Av
6th August 2022
erev Tisha B'Av
תשעה באב
The Book of Lamentations
[The Book of Job may be read also.]
10 Av
7th August 2022
Tisha B'Av
[The Ninth of Av]
ט׳ באב, תשעה באב‎
[Fast Day]
Deut. 4:25-40 [am]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [pm]
Jer. 8:13–9:23 [am]
Isa. 55:6-56:8 [pm]
[Hos. 14:2-10; Micah 7:18-20]
15 Av
12th August 2022
Tu B’Av
[The Fifteenth of Av]
ט"ו באב
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
16 Av
13th August 2022
Parashat Va’etchanan
Shabbat Nachamu
1st Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ואתחנן, שבת נחמו
Deut. 3:23–7:11
1st Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 40:1-26
23 Av
20th August 2022
Parashat Ekev
2nd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת עקב
Deut. 7:12–11:25
2nd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 49:14–51:3
30 Av
27th August 2022
Parashat Re'eh
3rd Haftarah Consolation
Rosh Chodesh
פרשת ראה, ראש חודש
Deut. 11:26–16:17
maf. Num. 28:9-15
3rd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:11–55:5
[In some congregations,
Isa. 66:1-24]
1 Elul
28th August 2022
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
In the Ashkenazic tradition, Selichot begin on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah.
Num. 28:1-15
7 Elul
3rd September 2022
Parashat Shofetim
4th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת שופטים
Deut. 16:18–21:9
4th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 51:12–52:12
14 Elul
10th September 2022
Parashat Ki Tetze
5th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תצא
Deut. 21:10–25:19
5th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:1-10
21 Elul
17th September 2022
Parashat Ki Tavo
6th Haftarah Consolation
Leil Selichot [Ashkenazim]
פרשת כי-תבוא
Selichot prayers begin on the Saturday night before Rosh HaShanah for Ashkenazim. If, however, the first day of Rosh HaShanah falls on Monday or Tuesday, Selichot are said beginning the Saturday night prior.
Deut. 26:1–29:8
6th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 60:1-22
28 Elul
24th September 2022
Parashat Nitzavim
7th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת נצבים
Deut. 29:9–30:20
7th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 61:10–63:9
29 Elul
25th September 2022
Erev Rosh HaShanah
ערב ראש השנה
 

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A brief explanation of the Jewish cycle of readings

The Parashat Hashavuah—The Portion of the Week
The Jewish yearly cycle of Torah readings is divided into weekly portions. Each portion—in Hebrew, a parashah—is part of a sequential reading of the Torah [aka. The Five Books of Moses, The Chumash, or the Pentateuch] so that the whole of the Torah is read within a yearly cycle. [Some Jewish communities follow a Triennial Torah reading cycle.1]

In the table above the Parashat Hashavuah is listed with its accompanying Haftarah reading. The name of the parashah [portion] is taken from the first words of the parashah. There are 54 weekly portions—one for each year of the Jewish leap year. In non-leap years [50 weeks] portions are paired and read together.

The table above, beginning with Rosh Hashanah—the first day of the Jewish year—and completes the entire reading cycle within one year. Communities who read the Parashat Hashavuah over three years will read a section from each parashah each week. At time the Haftarah reading varies according to diffierent traditions. When this occurs the Sephardic reading is added in brackets.

The Haftarah
The haftarah is a reading from the Prophets and adds a reflection to the parashah. While each parashah normally has its own accompanying haftarah reading, the haftarah reading also varies, during the year, according to special festivals or events. The word haftarah comes from the Hebrew root pey.tet.resh, meaning “concluding”, “parting” or “ending.”

The practice of adding a haftarah reading to the Torah portion is ancient and has obscure origins. The Talmud mentions the haftarah being read in the presence of Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus (c. 70 CE) and evidence from the New Testament indicates that the haftarah readings were a common practice. Acts 13:15 states, "After the reading from the Law and the Prophets the leaders of the synagogue sent word to them saying..."

Haftarah readings given in brackets in the above table indicate readings used in the Sephardic tradition where these differ from the readings of the Ashkenazim.

The Maftir
The word maftir, which belongs to the same Hebrew root as haftarah [pey.tet.resh] means “concluder” and refers to the last person called [i.e., the last Aliyah (aliyah, “to go up”)] to the Torah of the succession of readers at a Sabbath morning or holiday service. This person normally reads the haftarah. The maftir reading normally repeats the last words of the parashat hashavuah. This is according to an ancient custom which sort to honor the greater importance of the Torah over the Prophetic reading (Talmud, Megillah 23a). On special Sabbaths and holidays a special reading is added [provided in the table above] which is related to the celebration or event.

A Point of interest: The division of parashot [sometimes spelled and pronounced, Parshiot or Parshiyot: the plural of parashah] found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Jewish communities (Ashkenazic, Sephardic, and Yemenite) is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls, Ch. 8. Maimonides based his division of the portions of the Torah on the Aleppo Codex.

1. The Triennial Torah Reading Cycle. In some traditions the cycle of Torah readings is completed over three years—this pattern is modelled on an ancient Rabbinic tradition in Israel [which may in fact be even older] in which each portion was divided into three parts, each part being read in sequence over the course of three years thus completing the reading of the five books of the Torah over three years. This practice has been revived in some Jewish congregations today.

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