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The Jewish Liturgical Calendar
Jewish Year, Beginning Rosh HaShanah 5781 [Civil Year 2020–2021]

The Jewish cycle of readings from the Torah and the Prophets
is central to the liturgical and religious life of Jews.
A brief explanation of the readings is outlined below.
See Readings tables for Jewish Years: 5779 5780 5781

Date Event Torah Maftir Haftarah
1 Tishrei
19th September 2020
Rosh HaShanah I, 5781
ראש השנה
Gen. 21:1-34
maf. Num. 29:1-6
1 Sam. 1:1–2:10
2 Tishrei
20th September 2020
Rosh HaShanah II
ראש השנה
Gen. 22:1-24
maf. Num. 29:1-6
Jer. 31:1-19
3 Tishrei
21st September 2020
Tzom Gedaliah
[Fast of Gedaliah]
יום גדליה
Fast Day
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
 
8 Tishrei
26th September 2020
Parashat Ha'azinu
[Sabbath of Repentance, Sabbath of Return]
Shabbat Shuva
פרשת האזינו, שבת שובה
Deut. 32:1-52
Hos. 14:2-10, Mic. 7:18-20, Joel 2:15-27
9 Tishrei
27th September 2020
erev Yom Kippur
ערב יום הכיפור
10 Tishrei
28th September 2020
Yom Kippur
[Day of Atonement]
יום הכיפור, יום הכיפורים‎
Lev. 16:1-34 [am]  
Lev. 18:1-30 alt. Lev. 19:1-18 [pm]
maf. Num. 29:7-11
Isa. 57:14–58:14 [am]
Book of Jonah
Micah 7:18-20 [pm]
14 Tishrei
2nd October 2020
Erev Sukkot
ערב סוכות
15 Tishrei
3rd October 2020
Sukkot I
סוכות א׳
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
Zech. 14:1-21
16 Tishrei
4th October 2020
Sukkot II
סוכות ב׳
Sukkot is celebrated over seven days [Eight in the Diaspora.] The first two days of Sukkot are a major holidays [Yom Tov] in the Diaspora and are followed by the Festival "weekdays" called Chol HaMoed. In Israel the Chol HaMoed begin on Sukkot Day II.
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
1 Kgs. 8:2-21
17 Tishrei
5th October 2020
Sukkot III
[Chol HaMoed I]
סוכות ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Num. 29:17-25
18 Tishrei
6th October 2020
Sukkot IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
סוכות ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Num. 29:20-28
19 Tishrei
7th October 2020
Sukkot V
[Chol HaMoed III]
סוכות ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Num. 29:23-31
20 Tishrei
8th October 2020
Sukkot VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
סוכות ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 29:26-34
21 Tishrei
9th October 2020
Sukkot VII
[Hoshanah Rabbah]
סוכות ז׳ הושנא רבה
Num. 29:26-34
22 Tishrei
10th October 2020
Shemini Atzeret
שמיני עצרת
Deut. 14:22–16:17
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
1 Kgs. 8:54-66
22 Tishrei
10th October 2020
erev Simhat Torah
ערב שמחת תורה
In most Jewish communities the Torah is read at night on Simhat Torah. [This is the only time when the Torah is read at night.] There are various customs regarding which Torah sections are read, although many select Vezot Haberachah, the last weekly portion on the Torah, omitting the last verses.
Deut. 33:1-17
[or 33:1-26]
Customs may vary.
23 Tishrei
11th October 2020
Simhat Torah
[Rejoicing in the Torah]
שמחת תורה
Simchat Torah is a celebration marking the conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings and the beginning of a new cycle. In Israel, Simhat Torah and Shemini Atzeret are celebrated on the same day.
Deut. 33:1–34:12
Gen. 1:1–2:3
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
Josh. 1:1-18
[Josh. 1:1-9]
29 Tishrei
17th October 2020
Parashat Bereshit
פרשת בראשית
Gen. 1:1–6:8
Isa. 42:5–43:10
[Isa. 42:5-21]
30 Tishrei
18th October 2020
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
Num. 28:1-15
1 Cheshvan
19th October 2020
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
Num. 28:1-15
6 Cheshvan
24th October 2020
Parashat Noach
פרשת נח
Gen. 6:9–11:32
Isa. 54:1–55:5
[Isa. 54:1-10]
13 Cheshvan
31st October 2020
Parashat Lekh Lekha
פרשת לך-לך
Gen. 12:1–17:27Isa. 40:27–41:16
20 Cheshvan
7th November 2020
Parashat Vayera
פרשת וירא
Gen. 18:1–22:24
2 Kgs. 4:1-37
[2 Kgs. 4:1-23]
27 Cheshvan
14th November 2020
Parashat Chayei Sarah
פרשת חיי שרה
Gen. 23:1–25:18
1 Kgs. 1:1-31
1 Kislev
17th November 2020
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
Num. 28:1-15
5 Kislev
21st November 2020
Parashat Toledot
פרשת תולדות
Gen. 25:19–28:9Mal. 1:1–2:7
12 Kislev
28th November 2020
Parashat Vayetze
פרשת ויצא
Gen. 28:10–32:3
Hos. 12:13–14:10
Opt. subst. Mic. 7:18
[Hos. 11:7–12:12]
19 Kislev
5th December 2020
Parashat Vayishlach
פרשת וישלח
Gen. 32:4–36:43
Obad. 1:1-21
Opt. Hos. 11:7–12:12
[Obad. 1:1-21]
23 Kislev
10th December 2020
Erev Chanukah
חנוכה ערב
25 Kislev
11th December 2020
Chanukah I
חנוכה א׳
Num. 7:1-17
26 Kislev
12th December 2020
Parashat Vayeshev
Shabbat Chanukah II
פרשת וישב חנוכה ב׳
[Shabbat Chanukah Day 2]
Gen. 37:1–40:23
maf. Num. 7:18-29
Zech. 2:14–4:7
27 Kislev
13th December 2020
Chanukah III
חנוכה ג׳
Num. 7:24-35
28 Kislev
14th December 2020
Chanukah IV
חנוכה ד׳
Num. 7:30-41
29 Kislev
15th December 2020
Chanukah V
חנוכה ה׳
Num. 7:36-47
1 Tevet
16th December 2020
Chanukah VI
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
חנוכה ו׳, ראש חודש טבת
Num. 28:1-15
maf. Num. 7:42-47
2 Tevet
17th December 2020
Chanukah VII
חנוכה ז׳
Num. 7:48-59
3 Tevet
18th December 2020
Chanukah VIII
חנוכה ט׳
Num. 7:54–8:4
4 Tevet
19th December 2020
Parashat Miketz
פרשת מקץ
Gen. 41:1–44:17
1 Kgs. 3:15–4:1
10 Tevet
25th December 2020
Asara B’Tevet
[The Tenth of Tevet]
עשרה בטבת‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No haftarah for Sephardim]
11 Tevet
26th December 2020
Parashat Vayigash
פרשת ויגש
Gen. 44:18–47:27Ezek. 37:15-28
18 Tevet
2nd January 2021
Parashat Vayechi
פרשת ויחי
Gen. 47:28–50:261 Kgs. 2:1-12
25 Tevet
9th January 2021
Parashat Shemot
פרשת שמות
Ex. 1:1–6:1
Isa. 27:6–28:13; 29:22-23
[Jer. 1:1–2:3]
1 Shevat
14th January 2021
Rosh Chodesh Shevat
ראש חודש שבט
Num. 28:1-15
3 Shevat
16th January 2021
Parashat Vaera
פרשת וארא
Ex. 6:2–9:35Ezek. 28:25–29:21
10 Shevat
23rd January 2021
Parashat Bo
פרשת בא
Ex. 10:1–13:16Jer. 46:13-28
15 Shevat
28th January 2021
Tu B’Shvat
[The Fifteenth of Sh'vat]
New Year for Trees
ט״ו בשבט‎; ראש השנה לאילנות
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
17 Shevat
30th January 2021
Parashat Beshalach
פרשת בשלח
Ex. 13:17–17:16
Judg. 4:4–5:31
[Judg. 5:1-31]
24 Shevat
6th February 2021
Parashat Yitro
פרשת יתרו
Ex. 18:1–20:23
Isa. 6:1–7:6; 9:5-6
[Isa. 6:1-13]
30 Shevat
12th February 2021
Rosh Chodesh Adar
ראש חודש אדר א׳
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar
13th February 2021
Parashat Mishpatim
Shabbat Shekalim
Rosh Chodesh
פרשת משפטים, שבת שקלים
Ex. 21:1–24:18
maf. Ex. 30:11-16
2 Kgs. 12:1-17
[2 Kgs. 11:17–12:17]
8 Adar
20th February 2021
Parashat Terumah
Shabbat Zachor
פרשת תרומה שבת זכור
Ex. 25:1–27:19
Deut. 25:17-19
1 Sam. 15:2-34
13 Adar
25th February 2021
Ta’anit Esther
[Fast of Esther]
erev Purim
תענית אסתר
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
14 Adar
26th February 2021
Purim
פורים
Ex. 17:8-16
15 Adar
27th February 2021
Parashat Tetzaveh
פרשת תצוה, שבת זכור
Ex. 27:20–30:10   
maf. Deut. 25:17-19
1 Sam. 15:2-34   
[1 Sam. 15:1-34]
16 Adar
28th February 2021
Shushan Purim
שושן פורים
Shushan Purim is celebrated in Jerusalem and walled cities.  
22 Adar
6th March 2021
Parashat Ki Tisa
Shabbat Parah
פרשת כי תשא, שבת פרה
Ex. 30:11–34:35   
maf. Num. 19:1-22
Ezek. 36:16-38
[Ezek: 36:16-36]
29 Adar
13th March 2021
Parashat Vayakhel–Pekudei
Shabbat HaChodesh
פרשת ויקהל-פקודי, שבת החודש
Ex. 35:1–40:38
maf. Ex. 12:1-20
Ezek. 45:16–46:18
[Ezek. 45:16–46:15]
1 Nisan
14th March 2021
Rosh Chodesh Nisan
ראש חודש ניסן
Num. 28:1-15
7 Nisan
20th March 2021
Parashat Vayikra
פרשת ויקרא
Lev. 1:1–5:26Isa. 43:21–44:23
12 Nisan
25th March 2021
Ta’anit Bechorot
[Fast of the Firstborn]
תענית בכורות‎ ,תענית בכורים
Fast Day [for the Firstborn]
Ex. 32:11–34:10
14 Nisan
27th March 2021
Parashat Tzav
Shabbat HaGadol
פרשת צו, שבת הגדול
Lev. 6:1–8:36Mal. 3:4–24
14 Nisan
27th March 2021
Erev Pesach
ערב פסח
15 Nisan
28th March 2021
Pesach I
פסח שבת
Ex. 12:21-51
maf. Num. 28:16-25
Josh. 3:5-7; 5:2–6:1, 27
[Josh. 5:2–6:1, 27]
16 Nisan
29th March 2021
Pesach II
פסח ב׳
Lev. 22:2623, 44
maf. Num. 28:16-25
2 Kgs. 23:1-9, 21-25
17 Nisan
30th March 2021
Pesach III
[Chol HaMoed I]
פסח ז׳
Ex. 13:17–15:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
2 Sam. 22:1-51
18 Nisan
31st March 2021
Pesach IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
פסח ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Ex. 22:24–23:19
maf. Num. 28:19-25
19 Nisan
1st April 2021
Pesach V
[Chol HaMoed III]
פסח ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Ex. 34:1-26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
20 Nisan
2nd April 2021
Pesach VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
פסח ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 9:1-14
maf. Num. 28:19-25
21 Nisan
3rd April 2021
Pesach Shabbat
פסח ז׳, שבת
Ex. 13:17–15:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
2 Sam. 22:1-51
22 Nisan
4th April 2021
Pesach VIII
פסח ח׳
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Isa. 10:32–12:6
26 Nisan
8th April 2021
Yom HaShoah
[Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day]
יום השואה, יום הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה
28 Nisan
10th April 2021
Parashat Shemini
פרשת שמיני
Lev. 9:1–11:47
2 Sam. 6:1–7:17
[2 Sam. 6:1-19]
30 Nisan
12th April 2021
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
Num. 28:1-15
I Iyar
13th April 2021
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
Num. 28:1-15
2 Iyar
14th April 2021
Yom HaZikaron
[Israeli Remembrance Day]
יום הזיכרון, יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה‎
[Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day]
3 Iyar
15th April 2021
Yom Ha’Atzmaut
[Israel Independence Day]
יום העצמאות‎
Deut. 7:12–8:18
Isa. 10:32–12:6
5 Iyar
17th April 2021
Parashat Tazria-Metzorah
פרשת תזריע-מצרע
Lev. 12:1–15:332 Kgs. 7:3-20
12 Iyar
24th April 2021
Parashat Aharei Mot–Kedoshim
פרשת אחרי מות-קדשים
Lev. 16:1–20:27
Amos 9:7-15
[Ezek. 20:2-20]
14 Iyar
26th April 2021
Pesach Sheini
פסח שני
Pesach Sheini is a special celebration of Passover which is celebrated exactly one month after Passover. Its historical purpose was to allow those who for special reason where not able to bring the Passover sacrifice on the correct date to have a second opportunity to do so. The celebration is mentioned in the Torah (Num. 9:1-14).
18 Iyar
30th April 2021
Lag Ba’Omer
[33rd Day in the Omer]
ל״ג בעומר
Lag B'Omer or Lag L'Omer is a holiday marking the 33rd day of the Counting of the Omer and falls on the 18th day of Iyar.
19 Iyar
1st May 2021
Parashat Emor
פרשת אמור
Lev. 21:1–24:23Ezek. 44:15-31
26 Iyar
8th May 2021
Parashat Behar–Behukotai
פרשת בהר-בחקתי
Lev. 25:1–27:34
Jer. 16:19–17:14
28 Iyar
10th May 2021
Yom Yerushalayim
[Jerusalem Day]
יום ירושלים‎
1 Sivan
12th May 2021
Rosh Chodesh Sivan
ראש חודש סיון
Num. 28:1-15
4 Sivan
15th May 2021
Parashat Bamidbar
פרשת במדבר
Num. 1:1–4:20Hos. 2:1-22
5 Sivan
16th May 2021
erev Shavuot
ערב שבועות
6 Sivan
17th May 2021
Shavuot I
שבועות
Ex. 19:1–20:23
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Ezek. 1:1-28; 3:12
7 Sivan
18th May 2021
Shavuot II
שבועות
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Hab. 3:1-19
[Hab. 2:20–3:19]
11 Sivan
22nd May 2021
Parashat Naso
פרשת נשא
Num. 4:21–7:89Judg. 13:2-25
18 Sivan
29th May 2021
Parashat Beha'alotkha
פרשת בהעלתך
Num. 8:1–12:16
Zech. 2:14–4:7
25 Sivan
5th June 2021
Parashat Shelach Lekha
פרשת שלח־לך
Num. 13:1–15:41Josh. 2:1-24
30 Sivan
10th June 2021
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
Num. 28:1-28
1 Tammuz
11th June 2021
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
Num. 28:1-28
2 Tammuz
12th June 2021
Parashat Korach
פרשת קורח
Num. 16:1–18:321 Sam. 11:14–12:22
9 Tammuz
19th June 2021
Parashat Chukat
פרשת חקת
Num. 19:1–22:1Judg. 11:1-33
16 Tammuz
26th June 2021
Parashat Balak
פרשת בלק
Num. 22:2–25:9Micah 5:6–6:8
17 Tammuz
27th June 2021
Tzom Tammuz
[17th Tammuz - Shiv'ah Asar b'Tammuz]
צום תמוז, שבעה עשר בתמוז‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
23 Tammuz
3rd July 2021
Parashat Pinchas
1st Haftarah Admonition
פרשת פינחס
Num. 25:10–30:1
1st Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 1:1–2:3
1 Av
10th July 2021
Parashat Matot-Masei
2nd Haftarah Admonition
Rosh Chodesh
פרשת מטות־מסעי
Num. 30:2–36:13
maf. Num. 28:9-15
2nd Haftarah of Admonition
Isa. 66:1-24
8 Av
17th July 2021
Parashat Devarim
[Sabbath of Vision]
Shabbat Chazon
3rd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת דברים, שבת חזון
Deut. 1:1–3:22
3rd Haftarah of Admonition
Isa. 1:1-27
8 Av
17th July 2021
erev Tisha B'Av
תשעה באב
The Book of Lamentations
[The Book of Job may be read also.]
9 Av
18th July 2021
Tisha B'Av
[The Ninth of Av]
ט׳ באב, תשעה באב‎
[Fast Day]
Deut. 4:25-40 [am]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [pm]
Jer. 8:13–9:23 [am]
Isa. 55:6-56:8 [pm]
[Hos. 14:2-10; Micah 7:18-20]
15 Av
24th July 2021
Tu B’Av
[The Fifteenth of Av]
ט"ו באב
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
15 Av
24th July 2021
Parashat Va’etchanan
Shabbat Nachamu
1st Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ואתחנן, שבת נחמו
Deut. 3:23–7:11
1st Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 40:1-26
22Av
31st July 2021
Parashat Ekev
2nd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת עקב
Deut. 7:12–11:25
2nd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 49:14–51:3
29 Av
7th August 2021
Parashat Re'eh
3rd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ראה
Deut. 11:26–16:17
3rd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:11–55:5
30 Av
8th August 2021
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
In the Ashkenazic tradition, Selichot begin on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah.
Num. 28:1-15
1 Elul
9th August 2021
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
In the Ashkenazic tradition, Selichot begin on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah.
Num. 28:1-15
6 Elul
14th August 2021
Parashat Shofetim
4th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת שופטים
Deut. 16:18–21:9
4th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 51:12–52:12
13 Elul
21st August 2021
Parashat Ki Tetze
5th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תצא
Deut. 21:10–25:19
5th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:1-10
20 Elul
28th August 2021
Parashat Ki Tavo
6th Haftarah Consolation
Leil Selichot [Ashkenazim]
פרשת כי-תבוא
Selichot prayers begin on the Saturday night before Rosh HaShanah for Ashkenazim. If, however, the first day of Rosh HaShanah falls on Monday or Tuesday, Selichot are said beginning the Saturday night prior.
Deut. 26:1–29:8
6th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 60:1-22
27 Elul
4th September 2021
Parashat Nitzavim
7th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת נצבים
Deut. 29:9–30:20
7th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 61:10–63:9
29 Elul
6th September 2021
Erev Rosh HaShanah
ערב ראש השנה
 

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A brief explanation of the Jewish cycle of readings

The Parashat Hashavuah—The Portion of the Week
The Jewish yearly cycle of Torah readings is divided into weekly portions. Each portion—in Hebrew, a parashah—is part of a sequential reading of the Torah [aka. The Five Books of Moses, The Chumash, or the Pentateuch] so that the whole of the Torah is read within a yearly cycle. [Some Jewish communities follow a Triennial Torah reading cycle.1]

In the table above the Parashat Hashavuah is listed with its accompanying Haftarah reading. The name of the parashah [portion] is taken from the first words of the parashah. There are 54 weekly portions—one for each year of the Jewish leap year. In non-leap years [50 weeks] portions are paired and read together.

The table above, beginning with Rosh Hashanah—the first day of the Jewish year—follows the Ashkenazic tradition for Torah and Haftarah readings and completes the entire reading cycle within one year. Communities who read the Parashat Hashavuah over three years will read a section from each parashah each week.

The Haftarah
The haftarah is a reading from the Prophets and adds a reflection to the parashah. While each parashah normally has its own accompanying haftarah reading, the haftarah reading also varies, during the year, according to special festivals or events. The word haftarah comes from the Hebrew root pey.tet.resh, meaning “concluding”, “parting” or “ending.”

The practice of adding a haftarah reading to the Torah portion is ancient and has obscure origins. The Talmud mentions the haftarah being read in the presence of Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus (c. 70 CE) and evidence from the New Testament indicates that the haftarah readings were a common practice. Acts 13:15 states, "After the reading from the Law and the Prophets the leaders of the synagogue sent word to them saying..."

Haftarah readings given in brackets in the above table indicate readings used in the Shephardic tradition where these differ from the Ashkenazic reading.

The Maftir
The word maftir, which belongs to the same Hebrew root as haftarah [pey.tet.resh] means “concluder” and refers to the last person called [i.e., the last Aliyah (aliyah, “to go up”)] to the Torah of the succession of readers at a Sabbath morning or holiday service. This person normally reads the haftarah. The maftir reading normally repeats the last words of the parashat hashavuah. This is according to an ancient custom which sort to honor the greater importance of the Torah over the Prophetic reading (Talmud, Megillah 23a). On special Sabbaths and holidays a special reading is added [provided in the table above] which is related to the celebration or event.

A Point of interest: The division of parashot [sometimes spelled and pronounced, Parshiot or Parshiyot: the plural of parashah] found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Jewish communities (Ashkenazic, Sephardic, and Yemenite) is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls, Ch. 8. Maimonides based his division of the portions of the Torah on the Aleppo Codex.

1. The Triennial Torah Reading Cycle. In some traditions the cycle of Torah readings is completed over three years—this pattern is modelled on an ancient Rabbinic tradition in Israel [which may in fact be even older] in which each portion was divided into three parts, each part being read in sequence over the course of three years thus completing the reading of the five books of the Torah over three years. This practice has been revived in some Jewish congregations today.

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