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The Jewish Liturgical Calendar
Jewish Year, Beginning Rosh HaShanah 5780 [Civil Year 2019–2020]

The Jewish cycle of readings from the Torah and the Prophets
is central to the liturgical and religious life of Jews.
A brief explanation of the readings is outlined below.
See Readings tables for Jewish Years: 5778 5779 5780

Date Event Torah Maftir Haftarah
1 Tishrei
30th September 2019
Rosh HaShanah I, 5780
ראש השנה
Gen. 21:1-34
maf. Num. 29:1-6
1 Sam. 1:1–2:10
2 Tishrei
1st October 2019
Rosh HaShanah II
ראש השנה
Gen. 22:1-24
maf. Num. 29:1-6
Jer. 31:1-19
3 Tishrei
2nd October 2019
Tzom Gedaliah
[Fast of Gedaliah]
יום גדליה
Fast Day
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
 
6 Tishrei
5th October 2019
Parashat VaYelekh
Shabbat Shuva
פרשת וילך, שבת שובה
Deut. 31:1-30
Hos. 14:2-10; Mic. 7:18-20; Joel 2:15-27
[Hos. 14:2-10; Mic. 7:18-20]
9 Tishrei
8th October 2019
erev Yom Kippur
ערב יום הכיפור
10 Tishrei
9th October 2019
Yom Kippur
[Day of Atonement]
יום הכיפור, יום הכיפורים‎
Lev. 16:1-34 [am]  
Lev. 18:1-30 [pm]
maf. Num. 29:7-11
Isa. 57:14–58:14 [am]
Book of Jonah
Micah 7:18-20 [pm]
13 Tishrei
12th October 2019
Parashat Ha'azinu
פרשת האזינו
Deut. 32:1-522 Sam. 22:1-51
14 Tishrei
13th October 2019
Erev Sukkot
ערב סוכות
15 Tishrei
14th October 2019
Sukkot I
סוכות א׳
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
Zech. 14:1-21
16 Tishrei
15th October 2019
Sukkot II
סוכות ב׳
Sukkot is celebrated over seven days [Eight in the Diaspora.] The first two days of Sukkot are a major holidays [Yom Tov] in the Diaspora and are followed by the Festival "weekdays" called Chol HaMoed. In Israel the Chol HaMoed begin on Sukkot Day II.
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
1 Kgs. 8:2-21
17 Tishrei
16th October 2019
Sukkot III
[Chol HaMoed I]
סוכות ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Num. 29:17-25
18 Tishrei
17th October 2019
Sukkot IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
סוכות ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Num. 29:20-28
19 Tishrei
18th October 2019
Sukkot V
[Chol HaMoed III]
סוכות ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Num. 29:23-31
20 Tishrei
19th October 2019
Sukkot VI
[Shabbat Chol HaMoed]
סוכות שבת חל המועד
Ex. 33:12–34:26
maf. Num. 29:26-31
Ezek. 38:18–39:16
21 Tishrei
20th October 2019
Sukkot VII
[Hoshanah Rabbah]
סוכות ז׳ הושנא רבה
Num. 29:26-34
22 Tishrei
21st October 2019
Shemini Atzeret
שמיני עצרת
Deut. 14:22–16:17
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
1 Kgs. 8:54-66
22 Tishrei
21st October 2019
erev Simhat Torah
ערב שמחת תורה
In most Jewish communities the Torah is read at night on Simhat Torah. [This is the only time when the Torah is read at night.] There are various customs regarding which Torah sections are read, although many select Vezot Haberachah, the last weekly portion on the Torah, omitting the last verses.
Deut. 33:1-17
[or 33:1-26]
Customs may vary.
23 Tishrei
22nd October 2019
Simhat Torah
[Rejoicing in the Torah]
שמחת תורה
Simchat Torah is a celebration marking the conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings and the beginning of a new cycle. In Israel, Simhat Torah and Shemini Atzeret are celebrated on the same day.
Deut. 33:1–34:12
Gen. 1:1–2:3
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
Josh. 1:1-18
[Josh. 1:1-9]
27 Tishrei
26th October 2019
Parashat Bereshit
פרשת בראשית
Gen. 1:1–6:8
Isa. 42:5–43:10
[Isa. 42:5-21]
30 Tishrei
29th October 2019
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
Num. 28:1-15
1 Cheshvan
30th October 2019
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
Num. 28:1-15
4 Cheshvan
2nd November 2019
Parashat Noach
פרשת נח
Gen. 6:9–11:32
Isa. 54:1–55:5
[Isa. 54:1-10]
11 Cheshvan
9th November 2019
Parashat Lekh Lekha
פרשת לך-לך
Gen. 12:1–17:27Isa. 40:27–41:16
18 Cheshvan
16th November 2019
Parashat Vayera
פרשת וירא
Gen. 18:1–22:24
2 Kgs. 4:1-37
[2 Kgs. 4:1-23]
25 Cheshvan
23rd November 2019
Parashat Chayei Sarah
פרשת חיי שרה
Gen. 23:1–25:18
1 Kgs. 1:1-31
30 Cheshvan
28th November 2019
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
Num. 28:1-15
1 Kislev
29th November 2019
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
Num. 28:1-15
2 Kislev
30th November 2019
Parashat Toledot
פרשת תולדות
Gen. 25:19–28:9Mal. 1:1–2:7
9 Kislev
7th December 2019
Parashat Vayetze
פרשת ויצא
Gen. 28:10–32:3
Hos. 12:13–14:10
Opt. subst. Mic. 7:18
[Hos. 11:7–12:12]
16 Kislev
14th December 2019
Parashat Vayishlach
פרשת וישלח
Gen. 32:4–36:43
Obad. 1:1-21
Opt. Hos. 11:7–12:12
[Obad. 1:1-21]
23 Kislev
21st December 2019
Parashat Vayeshev
פרשת וישב
Gen. 37:1–40:23Amos 2:6–3:8
24 Kislev
22nd December 2019
Erev Chanukah
חנוכה ערב
25 Kislev
23rd December 2019
Chanukah I
חנוכה א׳
Num. 7:1-17
26 Kislev
24th December 2019
Chanukah II
חנוכה ב׳
Num. 7:18-29
27 Kislev
25th December 2019
Chanukah III
חנוכה ג׳
Num. 7:24-35
28 Kislev
26th December 2019
Chanukah IV
חנוכה ד׳
Num. 7:30-41
29 Kislev
27th December 2019
Chanukah V
חנוכה ה׳
Num. 7:36-47
30 Kislev
28th December 2019
Parashat Miketz Rosh Chodesh
Shabbat Chanukah VI Rosh Chodesh
פרשת מקץ חנוכה
Gen. 41:1–44:17
Num. 28:9-15
maf. Num. 7:42-47   
Zech. 2:14–4:7
1 Tevet
29th December 2019
Chanukah VII
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
חנוכה ז׳, ראש חודש טבת
Num. 28:1-15
maf. Num. 7:48-53
2 Tevet
30th December 2019
Chanukah VIII
חנוכה ט׳
Num. 7:54–8:4
7 Tevet
4th January 2020
Parashat Vayigash
פרשת ויגש
Gen. 44:18–47:27Ezek. 37:15-28
10 Tevet
7th January 2020
Asara B’Tevet
[The Tenth of Tevet]
עשרה בטבת‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No haftarah for Sephardim]
14 Tevet
11th January 2020
Parashat Vayechi
פרשת ויחי
Gen. 47:28–50:261 Kgs. 2:1-12
21 Tevet
18th January 2020
Parashat Shemot
פרשת שמות
Ex. 1:1–6:1
Isa. 27:6–28:13; 29:22-23
[Jer. 1:1–2:3]
28 Tevet
25th January 2020
Parashat Vaera
פרשת וארא
Ex. 6:2–9:35Ezek. 28:25–29:21
1 Shevat
27th January 2020
Rosh Chodesh Shevat
ראש חודש שבט
Num. 28:1-15
6 Shevat
1st February 2020
Parashat Bo
פרשת בא
Ex. 10:1–13:16Jer. 46:13-28
13 Shevat
8th February 2020
Parashat Beshalach
פרשת בשלח
Ex. 13:17–17:16
Judg. 4:4–5:31
[Judg. 5:1-31]
15 Shevat
10th February 2020
Tu B’Shvat
[The Fifteenth of Sh'vat]
New Year for Trees
ט״ו בשבט‎; ראש השנה לאילנות
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
20 Shevat
15th February 2020
Parashat Yitro
פרשת יתרו
Ex. 18:1–20:23
Isa. 6:1–7:6; 9:5-6
[Isa. 6:1-13]
27 Shevat
22nd February 2020
Parashat Mishpatim
Shabbat Shekalim
פרשת משפטים, שבת שקלים
Ex. 21:1–24:18
maf. Ex. 30:11-16
2 Kgs. 12:1-17
[2 Kgs. 11:17–12:17]
30 Shevat
25th February 2020
Rosh Chodesh Adar I
ראש חודש אדר א׳
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar
26th February 2020
Rosh Chodesh Adar I
ראש חודש אדר א׳
Num. 28:1-15
4 Adar
29th February 2020
Parashat Terumah
פרשת תרומה
Ex. 25:1–27:191 Kgs. 5:26–6:13
11 Adar
7th March 2020
Parashat Tetzaveh
Shabbat Zachor
פרשת תצוה, שבת זכור
Ex. 27:20–30:10   
maf. Deut. 25:17-19
1 Sam. 15:2-34   
[1 Sam. 15:1-34]
13 Adar
9th March 2020
Ta’anit Esther
[Fast of Esther]
erev Purim
תענית אסתר
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
14 Adar
10th March 2020
Purim
פורים
Ex. 17:8-16
15 Adar
11th March 2020
Shushan Purim
שושן פורים
Shushan Purim is celebrated in Jerusalem and walled cities.  
18 Adar
14th March 2020
Parashat Ki Tisa
Shabbat Parah
פרשת כי תשא, שבת פרה
Ex. 30:11–34:35   
maf. Num. 19:1-22
Ezek. 36:16-38
[Ezek: 36:16-36]
25 Adar
21st March 2020
Parashat Vayakhel–Pekudei
Shabbat HaChodesh
פרשת ויקהל-פקודי, שבת החודש
Ex. 35:1–40:38
maf. Ex. 12:1-20
Ezek. 45:16–46:18
[Ezek. 45:16–46:15]
1 Nisan
26th March 2020
Rosh Chodesh Nisan
ראש חודש ניסן
Num. 28:1-15
3 Nisan
28th March 2020
Parashat Vayikra
פרשת ויקרא
Lev. 1:1–5:26Isa. 43:21–44:23
10 Nisan
4th April 2020
Parashat Tzav
Shabbat HaGadol
פרשת צו, שבת הגדול
Lev. 6:1–8:36Mal. 3:4–24
14 Nisan
8th April 2020
Ta’anit Bechorot
[Fast of the Firstborn]
תענית בכורות‎ ,תענית בכורים
Fast Day [for the Firstborn]
Ex. 32:11–34:10
14 Nisan
8th April 2020
Erev Pesach
ערב פסח
15 Nisan
9th April 2020
Pesach I
פסח שבת
Ex. 12:21-51
maf. Num. 28:16-25
Josh. 3:5-7; 5:2–6:1, 27
[Josh. 5:2–6:1, 27]
16 Nisan
10th April 2020
Pesach II
פסח ב׳
Lev. 22:2623, 44
maf. Num. 28:16-25
2 Kgs. 23:1-9, 21-25
17 Nisan
11th April 2020
Pesach Shabbat
[Chol HaMoed I]
פסח ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Ex. 13:1-16
maf. Num. 28:19-25
18 Nisan
12th April 2020
Pesach IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
פסח ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Ex. 22:24–23:19
maf. Num. 28:19-25
19 Nisan
13th April 2020
Pesach V
[Chol HaMoed III]
פסח ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Ex. 34:1-26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
20 Nisan
14th April 2020
Pesach VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
פסח ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 9:1-14
maf. Num. 28:19-25
21 Nisan
15th April 2020
Pesach VII
פסח ז׳
Ex. 13:17–15:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
2 Sam. 22:1-51
22 Nisan
16th April 2020
Pesach VIII
פסח ח׳
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Isa. 10:32–12:6
24 Nisan
18th April 2020
Parashat Shemini
פרשת שמיני
Lev. 9:1–11:47
2 Sam. 6:1–7:17
[2 Sam. 6:1-19]
27 Nisan
21st April 2020
Yom HaShoah
[Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day]
יום השואה, יום הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה
30 Nisan
24th April 2020
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
Num. 28:1-15
1 Iyar
25th April 2020
Parashat Tazria-Metzorah
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
פרשת תזריע-מצרע, ראש חודש
Lev. 12:1–15:33Isa. 66:1-24
4 Iyar
28th April 2020
Yom HaZikaron
[Israeli Remembrance Day]
יום הזיכרון, יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה‎
[Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day]
5 Iyar
29th April 2020
Yom Ha’Atzmaut
[Israel Independence Day]
יום העצמאות‎
Deut. 7:12–8:18
Isa. 10:32–12:6
8 Iyar
2nd May 2020
Parashat Aharei Mot–Kedoshim
פרשת אחרי מות-קדשים
Lev. 16:1–20:27
Amos 9:7-15
[Ezek. 20:2-20]
14 Iyar
8th May 2020
Pesach Sheini
פסח שני
Pesach Sheini is a special celebration of Passover which is celebrated exactly one month after Passover. Its historical purpose was to allow those who for special reason where not able to bring the Passover sacrifice on the correct date to have a second opportunity to do so. The celebration is mentioned in the Torah (Num. 9:1-14).
15 Iyar
9th May 2020
Parashat Emor
פרשת אמור
Lev. 21:1–24:23Ezek. 44:15-31
18 Iyar
12th May 2020
Lag Ba’Omer
[33rd Day in the Omer]
ל״ג בעומר
Lag B'Omer or Lag L'Omer is a holiday marking the 33rd day of the Counting of the Omer and falls on the 18th day of Iyar.
22 Iyar
16th May 2020
Parashat Behar–Behukotai
פרשת בהר-בחקתי
Lev. 25:1–27:34
Jer. 16:19–17:14
28 Iyar
22nd May 2020
Yom Yerushalayim
[Jerusalem Day]
יום ירושלים‎
29 Iyar
23rd May 2020
Parashat Bamidbar
Shabbat Machar Chodesh
פרשת במדבר, שבת מחר חודש
[Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh]
Num. 1:1–4:201 Sam. 20:18-42
1 Sivan
24th May 2020
Rosh Chodesh Sivan
ראש חודש סיון
Num. 28:1-15
5 Sivan
28th May 2020
erev Shavuot
ערב שבועות
6 Sivan
29th May 2020
Shavuot I
שבועות
Ex. 19:1–20:23
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Ezek. 1:1-28; 3:12
7 Sivan
30th May 2020
Shavuot II Shabbat
שבועות בשבת
Deut. 14:22–16:17
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Hab. 3:1-19
[Hab. 2:20–3:19]
14 Sivan
6th June 2020
Parashat Naso
פרשת נשא
Num. 4:21–7:89Judg. 13:2-25
21 Sivan
13th June 2020
Parashat Beha'alotkha
פרשת בהעלתך
Num. 8:1–12:16
Zech. 2:14–4:7
28 Sivan
20th June 2020
Parashat Shelach Lekha
פרשת שלח־לך
Num. 13:1–15:41Josh. 2:1-24
30 Sivan
22nd June 2020
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
Num. 28:1-28
1 Tammuz
23rd June 2020
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
Num. 28:1-28
5 Tammuz
27th June 2020
Parashat Korach
פרשת קורח
Num. 16:1–18:321 Sam. 11:14–12:22
12 Tammuz
4th July 2020
Parashat Chukat–Balak
פרשת חקת-בלק
Num. 19:1–25:9Micah 5:6–6:8
17 Tammuz
9th July 2020
Tzom Tammuz
[17th Tammuz - Shiv'ah Asar b'Tammuz]
צום תמוז, שבעה עשר בתמוז‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
19 Tammuz
11th July 2020
Parashat Pinchas
1st Haftarah Admonition
פרשת פינחס
Num. 25:10–30:1
1st Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 1:1–2:3
26 Tammuz
18th July 2020
Parashat Matot-Masei
2nd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת מטות-מסעי
Num. 30:2–36:13
2nd Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 2:4-28; 3:4
[Jer. 2:4-28; 4:1-2]
1 Av
22nd July 2020
Rosh Chodesh Av
ראש חודש אב
Num. 28:1-15
4 Av
25th July 2020
Parashat Devarim
[Sabbath of Vision]
Shabbat Chazon
3rd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת דברים, שבת חזון
Deut. 1:1–3:22
3rd Haftarah of Admonition
Isa. 1:1-27
8 Av
29th July 2020
erev Tisha B'Av
תשעה באב
The Book of Lamentations
[The Book of Job may be read also.]
9 Av
30th July 2020
Tisha B'Av
[The Ninth of Av]
ט׳ באב, תשעה באב‎
[Fast Day]
Deut. 4:25-40 [am]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [pm]
Jer. 8:13–9:23 [am]
Isa. 55:6-56:8 [pm]
[Hos. 14:2-10; Micah 7:18-20]
11 Av
1st August 2020
Parashat Va’etchanan
Shabbat Nachamu
1st Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ואתחנן, שבת נחמו
Deut. 3:23–7:11
1st Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 40:1-26
15 Av
5th August 2020
Tu B’Av
[The Fifteenth of Av]
ט"ו באב
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
18 Av
8th August 2020
Parashat Ekev
2nd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת עקב
Deut. 7:12–11:25
2nd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 49:14–51:3
25 Av
15th August 2020
Parashat Re'eh
3rd Haftarah Consolation
Rosh Chodesh Elul
פרשת ראה, ראש חודש
Deut. 11:26–16:17
maf. Num. 28:9-15
3rd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:11–55:5
[In some congregations,
Isa. 66:1-24]
30 Av
20th August 2020
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
In the Ashkenazic tradition, Selichot begin on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah.
Num. 28:1-15
1 Elul
21st August 2020
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
In the Ashkenazic tradition, Selichot begin on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah.
Num. 28:1-15
2 Elul
22nd August 2020
Parashat Shofetim
4th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת שופטים
Deut. 16:18–21:9
4th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 51:12–52:12
9 Elul
29th August 2020
Parashat Ki Tetze
5th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תצא
Deut. 21:10–25:19
5th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:1-10
16 Elul
5th September 2020
Parashat Ki Tavo
6th Haftarah Consolation
Shabbat Selichot [Ashkenazim]
פרשת כי-תבוא
Selichot prayers begin on the Saturday night before Rosh HaShanah for Ashkenazim. If, however, the first day of Rosh HaShanah falls on Monday or Tuesday, Selichot are said beginning the Saturday night prior.
Deut. 26:1–29:8
6th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 60:1-22
28 Elul
12th September 2020
Parashat Nitzavim–Vayeilech
7th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת נצבים-וילך
Selichot prayers begin on the Saturday night before Rosh HaShanah for Ashkenazim. If, however, the first day of Rosh HaShanah falls on Monday or Tuesday, Selichot are said beginning the Saturday night prior.
Deut. 29:9–31:30
7th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 61:10–63:9
29 Elul
18th September 2020
Erev Rosh HaShanah
ערב ראש השנה
 

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A brief explanation of the Jewish cycle of readings

The Parashat Hashavuah—The Portion of the Week
The Jewish yearly cycle of Torah readings is divided into weekly portions. Each portion—in Hebrew, a parashah—is part of a sequential reading of the Torah [aka. The Five Books of Moses, The Chumash, or the Pentateuch] so that the whole of the Torah is read within a yearly cycle. [Some Jewish communities follow a Triennial Torah reading cycle.1]

In the table above the Parashat Hashavuah is listed with its accompanying Haftarah reading. The name of the parashah [portion] is taken from the first words of the parashah. There are 54 weekly portions—one for each year of the Jewish leap year. In non-leap years [50 weeks] portions are paired and read together.

The table above, beginning with Rosh Hashanah—the first day of the Jewish year—follows the Ashkenazic tradition for Torah and Haftarah readings and completes the entire reading cycle within one year. Communities who read the Parashat Hashavuah over three years will read a section from each parashah each week.

The Haftarah
The haftarah is a reading from the Prophets and adds a reflection to the parashah. While each parashah normally has its own accompanying haftarah reading, the haftarah reading also varies, during the year, according to special festivals or events. The word haftarah comes from the Hebrew root pey.tet.resh, meaning “concluding”, “parting” or “ending.”

The practice of adding a haftarah reading to the Torah portion is ancient and has obscure origins. The Talmud mentions the haftarah being read in the presence of Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus (c. 70 CE) and evidence from the New Testament indicates that the haftarah readings were a common practice. Acts 13:15 states, "After the reading from the Law and the Prophets the leaders of the synagogue sent word to them saying..."

Haftarah readings given in brackets in the above table indicate readings used in the Shephardic tradition where these differ from the Ashkenazic reading.

The Maftir
The word maftir, which belongs to the same Hebrew root as haftarah [pey.tet.resh] means “concluder” and refers to the last person called [i.e., the last Aliyah (aliyah, “to go up”)] to the Torah of the succession of readers at a Sabbath morning or holiday service. This person normally reads the haftarah. The maftir reading normally repeats the last words of the parashat hashavuah. This is according to an ancient custom which sort to honor the greater importance of the Torah over the Prophetic reading (Talmud, Megillah 23a). On special Sabbaths and holidays a special reading is added [provided in the table above] which is related to the celebration or event.

A Point of interest: The division of parashot [sometimes spelled and pronounced, Parshiot or Parshiyot: the plural of parashah] found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Jewish communities (Ashkenazic, Sephardic, and Yemenite) is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls, Ch. 8. Maimonides based his division of the portions of the Torah on the Aleppo Codex.

1. The Triennial Torah Reading Cycle. In some traditions the cycle of Torah readings is completed over three years—this pattern is modelled on an ancient Rabbinic tradition in Israel [which may in fact be even older] in which each portion was divided into three parts, each part being read in sequence over the course of three years thus completing the reading of the five books of the Torah over three years. This practice has been revived in some Jewish congregations today.

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