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Jewish Commentators — Their Lives and Works


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Meir ben Shmuel
Hebrew Name(s): מאיר בן שמואל; ר''ם
Other Names: Meir ben Samuel, RAM
Period: Rishonim — 11th–12th Century
Location: Ramperupt, France
Dates: c. 1060–c. 1130

Rabbi Meir ben Shmuel was first a student, and later, the son-in-law of Rashi. He was also a student of Isaac ben Asher ha-Levi and Eleazer of Mainz. Shmuel ben Meir married Rashi's daughter Yocheved and was the father of Jacob ben Meir (Rabbeinu Tam), Shmuel ben Meir (Rashbam) and Isaac ben Meir (Ribam) He is also thought to have had a fourth son, Solomon.
Meir ben Shmuel founded a yeshivah in Ramperupt. He was one of the founders of the school of the Tosafists in Northern France and his ritual decisions are quoted by the Tosafot.
Meir ben Shmuel amended the text of Kol Nidre to the form now in use.



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