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The Jewish Liturgical Calendar
Jewish Year, Beginning Rosh HaShanah 5776 [Civil Year 2015–2016]

The Jewish cycle of readings from the Torah and the Prophets
is central to the liturgical and religious life of Jews.
A brief explanation of the readings is outlined below. LINK
See Readings tables for Jewish Years: 5776 5777 5778 5779

Date Event Torah Maftir Haftarah
1 Tishrei
14th September 2015
Rosh HaShanah I 5776
ראש השנה
Gen. 21:1-34
maf. Num. 29:1-6
1 Sam. 1:1–2:10
2 Tishrei
15th September 2015
Rosh HaShanah II
ראש השנה
Gen. 22:1-24
maf. Num. 29:1-6
Jer. 31:1-19
3 Tishrei
16th September 2015
Tzom Gedaliah
[Fast of Gedaliah]
יום גדליה
Fast Day
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
 
6 Tishrei
19th September 2015
Parashat VaYelekh
Shabbat Shuva
פרשת וילך, שבת שובה
Deut. 31:1-30
Hos. 14:2-10; Mic. 7:18-20; Joel 2:15-27
[Hos. 14:2-10; Mic. 7:18-20]
9 Tishrei
22nd September 2015
erev Yom Kippur
ערב יום הכיפור
10 Tishrei
23rd September 2015
Yom Kippur
[Day of Atonement]
יום הכיפור, יום הכיפורים‎
Lev. 16:1-34 [am]  
Lev. 18:1-30 [pm]
maf. Num. 29:7-11
Isa. 57:14–58:14 [am]
Book of Jonah
Micah 7:18-20 [pm]
13 Tishrei
26th September 2015
Parashat Ha'azinu
פרשת האזינו
Deut. 32:1-522 Sam. 22:1-51
14 Tishrei
27th September 2015
Erev Sukkot
ערב סוכות
15 Tishrei
28th September 2015
Sukkot I
סוכות א׳
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
Zech. 14:1-21
16 Tishrei
29th September 2015
Sukkot II
סוכות ב׳
Sukkot is celebrated over seven days [Eight in the Diaspora.] The first two days of Sukkot are a major holidays [Yom Tov] in the Diaspora and are followed by the Festival "weekdays" called Chol HaMoed. In Israel the Chol HaMoed begin on Sukkot Day II.
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
1 Kgs. 8:2-21
17 Tishrei
30th September 2015
Sukkot III
[Chol HaMoed I]
סוכות ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Num. 29:17-25
18 Tishrei
1st October 2015
Sukkot IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
סוכות ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Num. 29:20-28
19 Tishrei
2nd October 2015
Sukkot V
[Chol HaMoed III]
סוכות ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Num. 29:23-31
20 Tishrei
3rd October 2015
Sukkot Shabbat
[Chol HaMoed IV]
סוכות שבת חל המועד
Ex. 33:12–34:26
maf. Num. 29:26-31
Ezek. 38:18–39:16
21 Tishrei
4th October 2015
Sukkot VII
[Hoshanah Rabbah]
סוכות ז׳ הושנא רבה
Num. 29:26-34
22 Tishrei
5th October 2015
Shemini Atzeret
שמיני עצרת
Deut. 14:22–16:17
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
1 Kgs. 8:54-66
22 Tishrei
5th October 2015
erev Simhat Torah
ערב שמחת תורה
In most Jewish communities the Torah is read at night on Simhat Torah. [This is the only time when the Torah is read at night.] There are various customs regarding which Torah sections are read, although many select Vezot Haberachah, the last weekly portion on the Torah, omitting the last verses.
Deut. 33:1-17
[or 33:1-26]
Customs may vary.
23 Tishrei
6th October 2015
Simhat Torah
[Rejoicing in the Torah]
שמחת תורה
Simchat Torah is a celebration marking the conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings and the beginning of a new cycle. In Israel, Simhat Torah and Shemini Atzeret are celebrated on the same day.
Deut. 33:1–34:12
Gen. 1:1–2:3
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
Josh. 1:1-18
[Josh. 1:1-9]
27 Tishrei
10th October 2015
Parashat Bereshit
פרשת בראשית
Gen. 1:1–6:8
Isa. 42:5–43:10
[Isa. 42:5-21]
30 Tishrei
13th October 2015
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
Num. 28:1-15
01 Cheshvan
14th October 2015
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
4 Cheshvan
17th October 2015
Parashat Noach
פרשת נח
Gen. 6:9–11:32
Isa. 54:1–55:5
[Isa. 54:1-10]
11 Cheshvan
24th October 2015
Parashat Lekh Lekha
פרשת לך-לך
Gen. 12:1–17:27Isa. 40:27–41:16
18 Cheshvan
31st October 2015
Parashat Vayera
פרשת וירא
Gen. 18:1–22:24
2 Kgs. 4:1-37
[2 Kgs. 4:1-23]
25 Cheshvan
7th November 2015
Parashat Chayei Sarah
פרשת חיי שרה
Gen. 23:1–25:18
1 Kgs. 1:1-31
30 Cheshvan
12th November 2015
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
Num. 28:1-15
1 Kislev
13th November 2015
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
2 Kislev
14th November 2015
Parashat Toledot
פרשת תולדות
Gen. 25:19–28:9Mal. 1:1–2:7
9 Kislev
21st November 2015
Parashat Vayetze
פרשת ויצא
Gen. 28:10–32:3
Hos. 12:13–14:10
Opt. subst. Mic. 7:18
[Hos. 11:7–12:12]
16 Kislev
28th November 2015
Parashat Vayishlach
פרשת וישלח
Gen. 32:4–36:43
Obad. 1:1-21
Opt. Hos. 11:7–12:12
[Obad. 1:1-21]
23 Kislev
5th December 2015
Parashat Vayeshev
פרשת וישב
Gen. 37:1–40:23Amos 2:6–3:8
24 Kislev
6th December 2015
Erev Chanukah
חנוכה ערב
25 Kislev
7th December 2015
Chanukah I
חנוכה א׳
Num. 7:1-17
26 Kislev
8th December 2015
Chanukah II
חנוכה ב׳
Num. 7:18-29
27 Kislev
9th December 2015
Chanukah III
חנוכה ג׳
Num. 7:24-35
28 Kislev
10th December 2015
Chanukah IV
חנוכה ד׳
Num. 7:30-41
29 Kislev
11th December 2015
Chanukah V
חנוכה ה׳
Num. 7:36-47
30 Kislev
12th December 2015
Parashat Miketz
Shabbat Chanukah VI
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
פרשת מקץ חנוכה
Gen. 41:1–44:17
Num. 28:9-15
maf. Num. 7:42-47   
Zech. 2:14–4:7
1 Tevet
13th December 2015
Chanukah VII
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
חנוכה ז׳, ראש חודש טבת
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
maf. Num. 7:48-53
2 Tevet
14th December 2015
Chanukah VIII
חנוכה ט׳
Num. 7:54–8:4
7 Tevet
19th December 2015
Parashat Vayigash
פרשת ויגש
Gen. 44:18–47:27Ezek. 37:15-28
10 Tevet
22nd December 2015
Asara B’Tevet
[The Tenth of Tevet]
עשרה בטבת‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No haftarah for Sephardim]
14 Tevet
26th December 2015
Parashat Vayechi
פרשת ויחי
Gen. 47:28–50:261 Kgs. 2:1-12
21 Tevet
2nd January 2016
Parashat Shemot
פרשת שמות
Ex. 1:1–6:1
Isa. 27:6–28:13; 29:22-23
[Jer. 1:1–2:3]
28 Tevet
9th January 2016
Parashat Vaera
פרשת וארא
Ex. 6:2–9:35Ezek. 28:25–29:21
1 Shevat
11th January 2016
Rosh Chodesh Shevat
ראש חודש שבט
Num. 28:1-15
6 Shevat
16th January 2016
Parashat Bo
פרשת בא
Ex. 10:1–13:16Jer. 46:13-28
13 Shevat
23rd January 2016
Parashat Beshalach
פרשת בשלח
Ex. 13:17–17:16
Judg. 4:4–5:31
[Judg. 5:1-31]
15 Shevat
25th January 2016
Tu B’Shvat
[The Fifteenth of Sh'vat]
New Year for Trees
ט״ו בשבט‎; ראש השנה לאילנות
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
20 Shevat
30th January 2016
Parashat Yitro
פרשת יתרו
Ex. 18:1–20:23
Isa. 6:1–7:6; 9:5-6
[Isa. 6:1-13]
27 Shevat
6th February 2016
Parashat Mishpatim
פרשת משפטים
Ex. 21:1–24:18Jer. 34:8-22; 33:25-26
30 Shevat
9th February 2016
Rosh Chodesh Adar I
ראש חודש אדר א׳
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar I
10th February 2016
Rosh Chodesh Adar I
ראש חודש אדר א׳
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
4 Adar I
13th February 2016
Parashat Terumah
פרשת תרומה
Ex. 25:1–27:191 Kgs. 5:26–6:13
11 Adar I
20th February 2016
Parashat Tetzaveh
פרשת תצוה
Ex. 27:20–30:10Ezek. 43:10-27
14 Adar I
23rd February 2016
Purim Katan
פורים קטן
In leap years Purim is celebrated in Adar II. Purim Katan is a minor Purim celebration celebrated in Adar I in Leap years.
18 Adar I
27th February 2016
Parashat Ki Tisa
פרשת כי תשא
Ex. 30:11–34:35
1 Kgs. 18:1-39
[1 Kgs. 18:20-39]
25 Adar I
5th March 2016
Parashat Vayakhel
Shabbat Shekalim
פרשת ויקהל
Ex. 35:1–38:20
maf. Ex. 30:11-16
2 Kgs. 12:1-17
[2 Kgs. 11:17–12:17]
30 Adar I
10th March 2016
Rosh Chodesh Adar II
ראש חודש אדר ב׳
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar II
11th March 2016
Rosh Chodesh Adar II
ראש חודש אדר ב׳
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
2 Adar II
12th March 2016
Parashat Pekudei
פרשת פקודי
Ex. 38:21–40:38
1 Kings 7:51–8:21
[1 Kings 7:40-50]
9 Adar II
19th March 2016
Parashat Vayikra
Shabbat Zachor
פרשת ויקרא, שבת זכור
Lev. 1:1–5:26
maf. Deut. 25:17-19
1 Sam. 15:2-34
[1 Sam. 15:1-34]
13 Adar II
23rd March 2016
Ta’anit Esther
[Fast of Esther]
erev Purim
תענית אסתר
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
14 Adar II
24th March 2016
Purim
פורים
Ex. 17:8-16
15 Adar II
25th March 2016
Shushan Purim
שושן פורים
Shushan Purim is celebrated in Jerusalem and walled cities.  
16 Adar II
26th March 2016
Parashat Tzav
פרשת צו
Lev. 6:1–8:36
Jer. 7:21–8:3; 9:22–9:23
23 Adar II
2nd April 2016
Parashat Shemini
Shabbat Parah
פרשת שמיני, שבת פרה
Lev. 9:1–11:47
maf. Num. 19:1-22
Ezek. 36:16-38
[Ezek: 36:16-36]
1 Nisan
9th April 2016
Parashat Tazria
Shabbat HaChodesh
פרשת תזריע, שבת החודש
Lev. 12:1–13:59
maf. Ex. 12:1-20
Ezek. 45:16–46:18
[Ezek. 45:18–46:15]
8 Nisan
16th April 2016
Parashat Metzorah
Shabbat HaGadol
פרשת מצרע, שבת החודש
Lev. 14:1–15:33
Mal. 3:4-24
14 Nisan
22nd April 2016
Ta’anit Bechorot
[Fast of the Firstborn]
erev Pesach
תענית בכורות‎ ,תענית בכורים
Fast Day [for the Firstborn]
Ex. 32:11–34:10
15 Nisan
23rd April 2016
Pesach I Shabbat
פסח א׳
Ex. 12:21-51
maf. Num. 28:16-25
Josh. 3:5-7; 5:2–6:1, 27
[Josh. 5:2–6:1, 27]
16 Nisan
24th April 2016
Pesach II
פסח ב׳
Lev. 22:2623, 44
maf. Num. 28:16-25
2 Kgs. 23:1-9, 21-25
17 Nisan
25th April 2016
Pesach III
[Chol HaMoed I]
פסח ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Ex. 13:1-16
maf. Num. 28:19-25
18 Nisan
26th April 2016
Pesach IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
פסח ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Ex. 22:24–23:19
maf. Num. 28:19-25
19 Nisan
27th April 2016
Pesach V
[Chol HaMoed III]
פסח ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Ex. 34:1-26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
20 Nisan
28th April 2016
Pesach VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
פסח ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 9:1-14
maf. Num. 28:19-25
21 Nisan
29th April 2016
Pesach VII
פסח ז׳
Ex. 13:17–15:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
2 Sam. 22:1-51
22 Nisan
30th April 2016
Pesach VIII Shabbat
פסח ח׳, שבת
Deut. 14:2216:17
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Isa. 10:32–12:6
27 Nisan
5th May 2016
Yom HaShoah
[Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day]
יום השואה, יום הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה
29 Nisan
7th May 2016
Parashat Aharei Mot
Shabbat Machar Chodesh
פרשת אחרי מות, שבת מחר חודש
Lev. 16:1–18:30
1 Sam. 20:18-42
30 Nisan
8th May 2016
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
Num. 28:1-15
1 Iyar
9th May 2016
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
3 Iyar
11th May 2016
Yom HaZikaron
[Israeli Remembrance Day]
יום הזיכרון, יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה‎
[Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day]
4 Iyar
12th May 2016
Yom Ha’Atzmaut
[Israel Independence Day]
יום העצמאות‎
Deut. 7:12–8:18
Isa. 10:32–12:6
6 Iyar
14th May 2016
Parashat Kedoshim
פרשת קדשים
Lev. 19:1–20:27
Amos 9:7-15
[Ezek. 20:2-20]
13 Iyar
21st May 2016
Parashat Emor
פרשת אמור
Lev. 21:1–24:23Ezek. 44:15-31
14 Iyar
22nd May 2016
Pesach Sheini
פסח שני
Pesach Sheini is a special celebration of Passover which is celebrated exactly one month after Passover. Its historical purpose was to allow those who for special reason where not able to bring the Passover sacrifice on the correct date to have a second opportunity to do so. The celebration is mentioned in the Torah (Num. 9:1-14).
18 Iyar
26th May 2016
Lag Ba’Omer
[33rd Day in the Omer]
ל״ג בעומר
Lag B'Omer or Lag L'Omer is a holiday marking the 33rd day of the Counting of the Omer and falls on the 18th day of Iyar.
20 Iyar
28th May 2016
Parashat Behar
פרשת בהר
Lev. 25:1–26:2Jer. 32:6-27
27 Iyar
4th June 2016
Parashat Bechukotai
פרשת בחקתי
Lev. 26:3–27:34
Jer. 16:19–17:14
28 Iyar
5th June 2016
Yom Yerushalayim
[Jerusalem Day]
יום ירושלים‎
1 Sivan
7th June 2016
Rosh Chodesh Sivan
ראש חודש סיון
Num. 28:1-15
5 Sivan
11th June 2016
Parashat Bamidbar
erev Shavuot
פרשת במדבר
Num. 1:1–4:20Hos. 2:1-22
6 Sivan
12th June 2016
Shavuot I
שבועות
Ex. 19:1–20:23
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Ezek. 1:1-28; 3:12
7 Sivan
13th June 2016
Shavuot II
שבועות
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Hab. 3:1-19
[Hab. 2:20–3:19]
12 Sivan
18th June 2016
Parashat Naso
פרשת נשא
Num. 4:21–7:89Judg. 13:2-25
19 Sivan
25th June 2016
Parashat Beha'alotkha
פרשת בהעלתך
Num. 8:1–12:16
Zech. 2:14–4:7
26 Sivan
2nd July 2016
Parashat Shelach Lekha
פרשת שלח־לך
Num. 13:1–15:41Josh. 2:1-24
30 Sivan
6th July 2016
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
Num. 28:1-28
1 Tammuz
7th July 2016
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-28
3 Tammuz
9th July 2016
Parashat Korach
פרשת קורח
Num. 16:1–18:321 Sam. 11:14–12:22
10 Tammuz
16th July 2016
Parashat Chukat
פרשת חקת
Num. 19:1–22:1Judg. 11:1-33
17 Tammuz
23rd July 2016
Parashat Balak
פרשת בלק
Num. 22:2–25:9Micah 5:6–6:8
18 Tammuz
24th July 2016
Tzom Tammuz
[17th Tammuz - Shiv'ah Asar b'Tammuz]
צום תמוז, שבעה עשר בתמוז‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
24 Tammuz
30th July 2016
Parashat Pinchas
1st Haftarah Admonition
פרשת פינחס
Num. 25:10–30:1
1st Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 1:1–2:3
1 Av
5th August 2016
Rosh Chodesh Av
ראש חודש אב
Num. 28:1-15
2 Av
6th August 2016
Parashat Matot–Masei
2nd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת מטות-מסעי
Num. 30:2–36:13
2nd Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 2:4-28; 3:4
[Jer. 2:4-28; 4:1-2]
9 Av
13th August 2016
Parashat Devarim
[Sabbath of Vision]
Shabbat Chazon
3rd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת דברים, שבת חזון
Deut. 1:1–3:22
3rd Haftarah of Admonition
Isa. 1:1-27
9 Av
13th August 2016
erev Tisha B'Av
תשעה באב
The Book of Lamentations
[The Book of Job may be read also.]
10 Av
14th August 2016
Tisha B'Av
[The Ninth of Av]
ט׳ באב, תשעה באב‎
[Fast Day]
Deut. 4:25-40 [am]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [pm]
Jer. 8:13–9:23 [am]
Isa. 55:6-56:8 [pm]
[Hos. 14:2-10; Micah 7:18-20]
15 Av
19th August 2016
Tu B’Av
[The Fifteenth of Av]
ט"ו באב
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
16 Av
20th August 2016
Parashat Va’etchanan
Shabbat Nachamu
1st Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ואתחנן, שבת נחמו
Deut. 3:23–7:11
1st Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 40:1-26
23 Av
27th August 2016
Parashat Ekev
2nd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת עקב
Deut. 7:12–11:25
2nd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 49:14–51:3
30 Av
3rd September 2016
Parashat Re'eh Shabbat Rosh Chodesh
3rd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ראה, ראש חודש
Deut. 11:26–16:17
maf. Num. 28:9-15
3rd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:11–55:5
[In some congregations,
Isa. 66:1-24]
1 Elul
4th September 2016
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
In the Ashkenazic tradition, Selichot begin on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah.
Num. 28:1-15
7 Elul
10th September 2016
Parashat Shofetim
4th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת שופטים
Deut. 16:18–21:9
4th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 51:12–52:12
14 Elul
17th September 2016
Parashat Ki Tetze
5th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תצא
Deut. 21:10–25:19
5th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:1-10
21 Elul
24th September 2016
Parashat Ki Tavo
6th Haftarah Consolation
Shabbat Selichot [Ashkenazim]
פרשת כי-תבוא
Selichot prayers begin on the Saturday night before Rosh HaShanah for Ashkenazim. If, however, the first day of Rosh HaShanah falls on Monday or Tuesday, Selichot are said beginning the Saturday night prior.
Deut. 26:1–29:8
6th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 60:1-22
28 Elul
1st October 2016
Parashat Nitzavim
7th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת נצבים
Deut. 29:9–30:20
7th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 61:10–63:9
29 Elul
2nd October 2016
Erev Rosh HaShanah
ערב ראש השנה
6 Iyar
11th May 2019
Parashat Kedoshim
פרשת קדשים
Lev. 19:1–20:27
Amos 9:7-15
[Ezek. 20:2-20]
 

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A brief explanation of the Jewish cycle of readings

The Parashat Hashavuah—The Portion of the Week
The Jewish yearly cycle of Torah readings is divided into weekly portions. Each portion—in Hebrew, a parashah—is part of a sequential reading of the Torah [aka. The Five Books of Moses, The Chumash, or the Pentateuch] so that the whole of the Torah is read within a yearly cycle. [Some Jewish communities follow a Triennial Torah reading cycle.1]

In the table above the Parashat Hashavuah is listed with its accompanying Haftarah reading. The name of the parashah [portion] is taken from the first words of the parashah. There are 54 weekly portions—one for each year of the Jewish leap year. In non-leap years [50 weeks] portions are paired and read together.

The table above, beginning with Rosh Hashanah—the first day of the Jewish year—follows the Ashkenazic tradition for Torah and Haftarah readings and completes the entire reading cycle within one year. Communities who read the Parashat Hashavuah over three years will read a section from each parashah each week.

The Haftarah
The haftarah is a reading from the Prophets and adds a reflection to the parashah. While each parashah normally has its own accompanying haftarah reading, the haftarah reading also varies, during the year, according to special festivals or events. The word haftarah comes from the Hebrew root pey.tet.resh, meaning “concluding”, “parting” or “ending.”

The practice of adding a haftarah reading to the Torah portion is ancient and has obscure origins. The Talmud mentions the haftarah being read in the presence of Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus (c. 70 CE) and evidence from the New Testament indicates that the haftarah readings were a common practice. Acts 13:15 states, "After the reading from the Law and the Prophets the leaders of the synagogue sent word to them saying..."

Haftarah readings given in brackets in the above table indicate readings used in the Shephardic tradition where these differ from the Ashkenazic reading.

The Maftir
The word maftir, which belongs to the same Hebrew root as haftarah [pey.tet.resh] means “concluder” and refers to the last person called [i.e., the last Aliyah (aliyah, “to go up”)] to the Torah of the succession of readers at a Sabbath morning or holiday service. This person normally reads the haftarah. The maftir reading normally repeats the last words of the parashat hashavuah. This is according to an ancient custom which sort to honor the greater importance of the Torah over the Prophetic reading (Talmud, Megillah 23a). On special Sabbaths and holidays a special reading is added [provided in the table above] which is related to the celebration or event.

A Point of interest: The division of parashot [sometimes spelled and pronounced, Parshiot or Parshiyot: the plural of parashah] found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Jewish communities (Ashkenazic, Sephardic, and Yemenite) is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls, Ch. 8. Maimonides based his division of the portions of the Torah on the Aleppo Codex.

1. The Triennial Torah Reading Cycle. In some traditions the cycle of Torah readings is completed over three years—this pattern is modelled on an ancient Rabbinic tradition in Israel [which may in fact be even older] in which each portion was divided into three parts, each part being read in sequence over the course of three years thus completing the reading of the five books of the Torah over three years. This practice has been revived in some Jewish congregations today.

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