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The Jewish Liturgical Calendar
Jewish Year, Beginning Rosh HaShanah 5774 [Civil Year 2013–2014]

The Jewish cycle of readings from the Torah and the Prophets
is central to the liturgical and religious life of Jews.
A brief explanation of the readings is outlined below. LINK
See Readings tables for Jewish Years: 5772 5773 5774 5775

Date Event Torah Maftir Haftarah
1 Tishrei
5th September 2013
Rosh HaShanah I
ראש השנה
Gen. 21:1-34
maf. Num. 29:1-6
1 Sam. 1:1–2:10
2 Tishrei
6th September 2013
Rosh HaShanah II
ראש השנה
Gen. 22:1-24
maf. Num. 29:1-6
Jer. 31:1-19
3 Tishrei
7th September 2013
Parashat Ha'azinu
[Sabbath of Repentance, Sabbath of Return]
Shabbat Shuva
פרשת האזינו, שבת שובה
Deut. 32:1-52
Hos. 14:2-10, Mic. 7:18-20, Joel 2:15-27
4 Tishrei
8th September 2013
Tzom Gedaliah
[Fast of Gedaliah]
יום גדליה
Fast Day
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
 
9 Tishrei
13th September 2013
erev Yom Kippr
ערב יום הכיפור
10 Tishrei
14th September 2013
Yom Kippur
[Day of Atonement]
יום הכיפור, יום הכיפורים‎
Lev. 16:1-34 [am]  
Lev. 18:1-30 [pm]
maf. Num. 29:7-11
Isa. 57:14–58:14 [am]
Book of Jonah
Micah 7:18-20 [pm]
14 Tishrei
18th September 2013
Erev Sukkot
ערב סוכות
15 Tishrei
19th September 2013
Sukkot I
סוכות א׳
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
Zech. 14:1-21
16 Tishrei
20th September 2013
Sukkot II
סוכות ב׳
Sukkot is celebrated over seven days [Eight in the Diaspora.] The first two days of Sukkot are a major holidays [Yom Tov] in the Diaspora and are followed by the Festival "weekdays" called Chol HaMoed. In Israel the Chol HaMoed begin on Sukkot Day II.
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
1 Kgs. 8:2-21
17 Tishrei
21st September 2013
Sukkot
[Shabbat Chol HaMoed]
סוכות שבת חל המועד
Ex. 33:12–34:26
maf. Num. 29:17-22
Ezek. 38:18–39:16
18 Tishrei
22nd September 2013
Sukkot IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
סוכות ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Num. 29:20-28
19 Tishrei
23rd September 2013
Sukkot V
[Chol HaMoed III]
סוכות ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Num. 29:23-31
20 Tishrei
24th September 2013
Sukkot VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
סוכות ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 29:26-34
21 Tishrei
25th September 2013
Sukkot VII
[Hoshanah Rabbah]
סוכות ז׳ הושנא רבה
Num. 29:26-34
22 Tishrei
26th September 2013
Shemini Atzeret
שמיני עצרת
Deut. 14:22–16:17
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
1 Kgs. 8:54-66
22 Tishrei
26th September 2013
erev Simhat Torah
ערב שמחת תורה
In most Jewish communities the Torah is read at night on Simhat Torah. [This is the only time when the Torah is read at night.] There are various customs regarding which Torah sections are read, although many select Vezot Haberachah, the last weekly portion on the Torah, omitting the last verses.
Deut. 33:1-17
[or 33:1-26]
Customs may vary.
23 Tishrei
27th September 2013
Simhat Torah
[Rejoicing in the Torah]
שמחת תורה
Simchat Torah is a celebration marking the conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings and the beginning of a new cycle. In Israel, Simhat Torah and Shemini Atzeret are celebrated on the same day.
Deut. 33:1–34:12
Gen. 1:1–2:3
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
Josh. 1:1-18   
[Josh. 1:1-9]
24 Tishrei
28th September 2013
Parashat Bereshit
פרשת בראשית
Gen. 1:1–6:8
Isa. 42:5–43:10
[Isa. 42:5-21]
30 Tishrei
4th October 2013
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
Num. 28:1-15
1 Cheshvan
5th October 2013
Parashat Noach
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
פרשת נח
Gen. 6:9–11:32
maf. Num. 28:9-15
Isa. 66:1-24
8 Cheshvan
12th October 2013
Parashat Lekh Lekha
פרשת לך-לך
Gen. 12:1–17:27Isa. 40:27–41:16
15 Cheshvan
19th October 2013
Parashat Vayera
פרשת וירא
Gen. 18:1–22:24
2 Kgs. 4:1-37
[2 Kgs. 4:1-23]
22 Cheshvan
26th October 2013
Parashat Chayei Sarah
פרשת חיי שרה
Gen. 23:1–25:18
1 Kgs. 1:1-31
29 Cheshvan
2nd November 2013
Parashat Toledot
Shabbat Machar Chodesh
פרשת תולדות, שבת מחר חודש
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month. In some congregations the 30th day of the month is not observed as Rosh Chodesh. In this case, when the 30th day falls out on Sunday, the special Haftarah reading for Machar Chodesh (1 Sam. 20:18-42) is not read on the Shabbat falling on 29th of the month and the regular Haftarah for the day is read.]

[Sabbath before Rosh Chodesh]
Gen. 25:19–28:91 Sam. 20:18-42
30 Cheshvan
3rd November 2013
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
Num. 28:1-15
1 Kislev
4th November 2013
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
Num. 28:1-15
6 Kislev
9th November 2013
Parashat Vayetze
פרשת ויצא
Gen. 28:10–32:3
Hos. 12:13–14:10   
Opt. subst. Mic. 7:18
[Hos. 11:7–12:12]
13 Kislev
16th November 2013
Parashat Vayishlach
פרשת וישלח
Gen. 32:4–36:43
Obad. 1:1-21   
Opt. Hos. 11:7–12:12
[Obad. 1:1-21]
20 Kislev
23rd November 2013
Parashat Vayeshev
פרשת וישב
Gen. 37:1–40:23Amos 2:6–3:8
24 Kislev
27th November 2013
Erev Chanukah
חנוכה ערב
25 Kislev
28th November 2013
Chanukah I
חנוכה א׳
Num. 7:1-17
26 Kislev
29th November 2013
Chanukah II
חנוכה ב׳
Num. 7:18-29
27 Kislev
30th November 2013
Parashat Miketz
Shabbat Chanukah III
פרשת מקץ חנוכה
Gen. 41:1–44:17   
maf. Num. 7:24-29
Zech. 2:14–4:7
28 Kislev
1st December 2013
Chanukah IV
חנוכה ד׳
Num. 7:30-41
29 Kislev
2nd December 2013
Chanukah V
חנוכה ה׳
Num. 7:36-47
30 Kislev
3rd December 2013
Chanukah VI
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
חנוכה ו׳, ראש חודש טבת
Num. 28:1-15
maf. Num. 7:42-47
1 Tevet
4th December 2013
Chanukah VII
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
חנוכה ז׳, ראש חודש טבת
Num. 28:1-15
maf. Num. 7:48-53
2 Tevet
5th December 2013
Chanukah VIII
חנוכה ט׳
Num. 7:54–8:4
4 Tevet
7th December 2013
Parashat Vayigash
פרשת ויגש
Gen. 44:18–47:27Ezek. 37:15-28
10 Tevet
13th December 2013
Asara B’Tevet
[The Tenth of Tevet]
עשרה בטבת‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No haftarah for Sephardim]
11 Tevet
14th December 2013
Parashat Vayechi
פרשת ויחי
Gen. 47:28–50:261 Kgs. 2:1-12
18 Tevet
21st December 2013
Parashat Shemot
פרשת שמות
Ex. 1:1–6:1
Isa. 27:6–28:13; 29:22-23
[Jer. 1:1–2:3]
25 Tevet
28th December 2013
Parashat Vaera
פרשת וארא
Ex. 6:2–9:35Ezek. 28:25–29:21
1 Shevat
2nd January 2014
Rosh Chodesh Shevat
ראש חודש שבט
Num. 28:1-15
3 Shevat
4th January 2014
Parashat Bo
פרשת בא
Ex. 10:1–13:16Jer. 46:13-28
10 Shevat
11th January 2014
Parashat Beshalach
פרשת בשלח
Ex. 13:17–17:16
Judg. 4:4–5:31
[Judg. 5:1-31]
15 Shevat
16th January 2014
Tu B’Shvat
[The Fifteenth of Sh'vat]
ט״ו בשבט‎; ראש השנה לאילנות
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
17 Shevat
18th January 2014
Parashat Yitro
פרשת יתרו
Ex. 18:1–20:23
Isa. 6:1–7:6; 9:5-6
[Isa. 6:1-13]
24 Shevat
25th January 2014
Parashat Mishpatim
פרשת משפטים
Ex. 21:1–24:18Jer. 34:8-22; 33:25-26
30 Shevat
31st January 2014
Rosh Chodesh Adar I
ראש חודש אדר א׳
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar I
1st February 2014
Parashat Terumah
Rosh Chodesh Adar I
פרשת תרומה, ראש חודש אדר
Ex. 25:1–27:19
maf. Num. 28:9-15
Isa. 66:1-24
8 Adar I
8th February 2014
Parashat Tetzaveh
פרשת תצוה
Ex. 27:20–30:10Ezek. 43:10-27
14 Adar I
14th February 2014
Purim Katan
פורים קטן
In leap years Purim is celebrated in Adar II. Purim Katan is a minor Purim celebration celebrated in Adar I in Leap years.
15 Adar I
15th February 2014
Parashat Ki Tisa
Shushan Purim Katan
פרשת כי תשא, שושן פורים פורים קטן
Ex. 30:11–34:35
1 Kgs. 18:1-39
[1 Kgs. 18:20-39]
22 Adar I
22nd February 2014
Parashat Vayakhel
פרשת ויקהל
Ex. 35:1–38:20
1 Kgs. 7:40-50
[1 Kgs. 7:13-26]
29 Adar I
1st March 2014
Parashat Pekudei
Shabbat Shekalim
פרשת פקודי, שבת שקלים
Ex. 38:21–40:38
maf. Ex. 30:11-16
2 Kgs. 12:1-17
[2 Kgs. 11:17–12:17]
30 Adar I
2nd March 2014
Rosh Chodesh Adar II
ראש חודש אדר ב׳
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar II
3rd March 2014
Rosh Chodesh Adar II
ראש חודש אדר ב׳
Num. 28:1-15
6 Adar II
8th March 2014
Parashat Vayikra
פרשת ויקרא
Lev. 1:1–5:26Isa. 43:21–44:23
11 Adar II
13th March 2014
Ta’anit Esther
[Fast of Esther]
תענית אסתר
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
13 Adar II
15th March 2014
Parashat Tzav
Shabbat Zachor
erev Purim
פרשת צו, שבת זכור
Lev. 6:18:36
maf. Deut. 25:17-19
1 Sam. 15:2-34
[1 Sam. 15:1-34]
14 Adar II
16th March 2014
Purim
פורים
Ex. 17:8-16
15 Adar II
17th March 2014
Shushan Purim
שושן פורים
Shushan Purim is celebrated in Jerusalem and walled cities.  
20 Adar II
22nd March 2014
Parashat Shemini
Shabbat Parah
פרשת שמיני, שבת פרה
Lev. 9:1–11:47
maf. Num. 19:1-22
Ezek. 36:16-38
[Ezek: 36:16-36]
27 Adar II
29th March 2014
Parashat Tazria
Shabbat HaChodesh
פרשת תזריע, שבת החודש
Lev. 12:1–13:59
maf. Ex. 12:1-20
Ezek. 45:16–46:18
[Ezek. 45:18–46:15]
1 Nisan
1st April 2014
Rosh Chodesh Nisan
ראש חודש ניסן
Num. 28:1-15
5 Nisan
5th April 2014
Parashat Metzorah
פרשת מצרע
Lev. 14:1–15:33
2 Kgs. 7:3-20
12 Nisan
12th April 2014
Parashat Aharei Mot
Shabbat HaGadol
פרשת אחרי מות, שבת הגדול
Lev. 16:1–18:30Mal. 3:4-24
14 Nisan
14th April 2014
Ta’anit Bechorot
[Fast of the Firstborn]
erev Pesach
תענית בכורות‎ ,תענית בכורים
Fast Day [for the Firstborn]
Ex. 32:11–34:10
15 Nisan
15th April 2014
Pesach I
פסח א׳
Ex. 12:21-51
maf. Num. 28:16-25
Josh. 3:5-7; 5:2–6:1, 27
[Josh. 5:2–6:1, 27]
16 Nisan
16th April 2014
Pesach II
פסח ב׳
Lev. 22:26-23, 44
maf. Num. 28:16-25
2 Kgs. 23:1-9, 21-25
17 Nisan
17th April 2014
Pesach III
[Chol HaMoed I]
פסח ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Ex. 13:1-16
maf. Num. 28:19-25
18 Nisan
18th April 2014
Pesach IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
פסח ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Ex. 22:24–23:19
maf. Num. 28:19-25
19 Nisan
19th April 2014
Pesach V Shabbat
[Chol HaMoed III]
פסח שבת, חל המועד
Ex. 33:12–34:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Ezek. 37:1-14
[Ezek. 36:37–37:14]
20 Nisan
20th April 2014
Pesach VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
פסח ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 9:1-14
maf. Num. 28:19-25
21 Nisan
21st April 2014
Pesach VII
פסח ז׳
Ex. 13:17–15:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
2 Sam. 22:1-51
22 Nisan
22nd April 2014
Pesach VIII
פסח ח׳
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Isa. 10:32–12:6
26 Nisan
26th April 2014
Parashat Kedoshim
פרשת קדשים
Lev. 19:1–20:27
Amos 9:7-15
[Ezek. 20:2-20]
28 Nisan
28th April 2014
Yom HaShoah
[Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day]
יום השואה, יום הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה
[Yom HaShoah is normally held on the 27th of Nisan. When the 27th Nisan falls adjacent to Shabbat, the date is shifted by one day.]
30 Nisan
30th April 2014
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
Num. 28:1-15
1 Iyar
1st May 2014
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
Num. 28:1-15
3 Iyar
3rd May 2014
Parashat Emor
פרשת אמור
Lev. 21:1–24:23Ezek. 44:15-31
5 Iyar
5th May 2014
Yom HaZikaron
[Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day.]
יום הזיכרון, יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה‎
[Yom HaZikaron is normally held on the 4th of Iyar. When the observance of Yom HaZikaron (or Yom HaAtzma'ut which always follows it) conflicts with Shabbat, the date is moved, being either earlier or posponed.]
6 Iyar
6th May 2014
Yom Ha’Atzmaut
[Israel Independence Day]
יום העצמאות‎
[Yom HaAtzma'ut is normally held on the 5th of Iyar. When the observance of Yom HaAtzma'ut (or Yom HaZikaron which always precedes it) conflicts with Shabbat, the date may be moved either earlier, or posponed.]
Deut. 7:12–8:18
Isa. 10:32–12:6
10 Iyar
10th May 2014
Parashat Behar
פרשת בהר
Lev. 25:1–26:2Jer. 32:6-27
14 Iyar
14th May 2014
Pesach Sheini
פסח שני
Pesach Sheini is a special celebration of Passover which is celebrated exactly one month after Passover. Its historical purpose was to allow those who for special reason where not able to bring the Passover sacrifice on the correct date to have a second opportunity to do so. The celebration is mentioned in the Torah (Num. 9:1-14)
17 Iyar
17th May 2014
Parashat Behukotai
פרשת בחקתי
Lev. 26:3–27:34
Jer. 16:19–17:14
18 Iyar
18th May 2014
Lag Ba’Omer
[33rd Day in the Omer]
ל״ג בעומר
Lag B'Omer or Lag L'Omer is a holiday marking the 33rd day of the Counting of the Omer and falls on the 18th day of Iyar.
24 Iyar
24th May 2014
Parashat Bamidbar
פרשת במדבר
Num. 1:1–4:20Hos. 2:1-22
28 Iyar
28th May 2014
Yom Yerushalayim
[Jerusalem Day]
יום ירושלים‎
1 Sivan
30th May 2014
Rosh Chodesh Sivan
ראש חודש סיון
Num. 28:1-15
2 Sivan
31st May 2014
Parashat Naso
פרשת נשא
Num. 4:21–7:89Judg. 13:2-25
5 Sivan
3rd June 2014
erev Shavuot
ערב שבועות
6 Sivan
4th June 2014
Shavuot I
שבועות
Ex. 19:1–20:23
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Ezek. 1:1-28; 3:12
7 Sivan
5th June 2014
Shavuot II
שבועות
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Hab. 3:1-19
[Hab. 2:20–3:19]
9 Sivan
7th June 2014
Parashat Beha'alotkha
פרשת בהעלתך
Num. 8:1–12:16
Zech. 2:14–4:7
16 Sivan
14th June 2014
Parashat Shelach Lekha
פרשת שלח־לך
Num. 13:1–15:41Josh. 2:1-24
23 Sivan
21st June 2014
Parashat Korach
פרשת קורח
Num. 16:1–18:321 Sam. 11:14–12:22
30 Sivan
28th June 2014
Parashat Chukat
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
פרשת חקת, ראש חודש
Num. 19:1–22:1
maf. Num. 28:9-15
Isa. 66:1-24
1 Tammuz
29th June 2014
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
Num. 28:1-28
7 Tammuz
5th July 2014
Parashat Balak
פרשת בלק
Num. 22:2–25:9Micah 5:6–6:8
14 Tammuz
12th July 2014
Parashat Pinchas
פרשת פינחס
Num. 25:10–30:11 Kgs. 18:46–19:21
17 Tammuz
15th July 2014
Tzom Tammuz
[17th Tammuz - Shiv'ah Asar b'Tammuz]
צום תמוז, שבעה עשר בתמוז‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
21 Tammuz
19th July 2014
Parashat Matot
1st Haftarah Admonition
פרשת מטות
Num. 30:2–32:42
1st Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 1:1–2:3
28 Tammuz
26th July 2014
Parashat Masei
2nd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת מסעי
Num. 33:1–36:13
2nd Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 2:4-28; 3:4
[Jer. 2:4-28; 4:1-2]
1 Av
28th July 2014
Rosh Chodesh Av
ראש חודש אב
Num. 28:1-15
6 Av
2nd August 2014
Parashat Devarim
[Sabbath of Vision]
Shabbat Chazon
3rd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת דברים, שבת חזון
Deut. 1:1–3:22
3rd Haftarah of Admonition
Isa. 1:1-27
8 Av
4th August 2014
erev Tisha B'Av
תשעה באב
The Book of Lamentations
[The Book of Job may be read also.]
9 Av
5th August 2014
Tisha B'Av
[The Ninth of Av]
ט׳ באב, תשעה באב‎
[Fast Day]
Deut. 4:25-40 [am]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [pm]
Jer. 8:13–9:23 [am]
Isa. 55:6-56:8 [pm]
[Hos. 14:2-10; Micah 7:18-20]
13 Av
9th August 2014
Parashat Va’etchanan
Shabbat Nachamu
1st Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ואתחנן, שבת נחמו
Deut. 3:23–7:11
1st Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 40:1-26
15 Av
11th August 2014
Tu B’Av
[The Fifteenth of Av]
ט"ו באב
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
20 Av
16th August 2014
Parashat Ekev
2nd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת עקב
Deut. 7:12–11:25
2nd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 49:14–51:3
27 Av
23rd August 2014
Parashat Re'eh
3rd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ראה
Deut. 11:26–16:17
3rd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:11–55:5
30 Av
26th August 2014
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
Num. 28:1-15
1 Elul
27th August 2014
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
Num. 28:1-15
4 Elul
30th August 2014
Parashat Shofetim
4th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת שופטים
Deut. 16:18–21:9
4th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 51:12–52:12
11 Elul
6th September 2014
Parashat Ki Tetze
5th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תצא
Deut. 21:10–25:19
5th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:1-10
18 Elul
13th September 2014
Parashat Ki Tavo
6th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תבוא
Deut. 26:1–29:8
6th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 60:1-22
25 Elul
20th September 2014
Parashat Nitzavim-VaYelekh
7th Haftarah Consolation
Shabbat Selichot [Ashkenazim]
פרשת נצבים-וילך
Selichot prayers begin on the Saturday night before Rosh HaShanah for Ashkenazim. If, however, the first day of Rosh HaShanah falls on Monday or Tuesday, Selichot are said beginning the Saturday night prior.
Deut. 29:9–31:30Isa. 61:10–63:9
29 Elul
24th September 2014
Erev Rosh HaShanah
ערב ראש השנה
 

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A brief explanation of the Jewish cycle of readings

The Parashat Hashavuah—The Portion of the Week
The Jewish yearly cycle of Torah readings is divided into weekly portions. Each portion—in Hebrew, a parashah—is part of a sequential reading of the Torah [aka. The Five Books of Moses, The Chumash, or the Pentateuch] so that the whole of the Torah is read within a yearly cycle. [Some Jewish communities follow a Triennial Torah reading cycle.1]

In the table above the Parashat Hashavuah is listed with its accompanying Haftarah reading. The name of the parashah [portion] is taken from the first words of the parashah. There are 54 weekly portions—one for each year of the Jewish leap year. In non-leap years [50 weeks] portions are paired and read together.

The table above, beginning with Rosh Hashanah—the first day of the Jewish year—follows the Ashkenazic tradition for Torah and Haftarah readings and completes the entire reading cycle within one year. Communities who read the Parashat Hashavuah over three years will read a section from each parashah each week.

The Haftarah
The haftarah is a reading from the Prophets and adds a reflection to the parashah. While each parashah normally has its own accompanying haftarah reading, the haftarah reading also varies, during the year, according to special festivals or events. The word haftarah comes from the Hebrew root pey.tet.resh, meaning “concluding”, “parting” or “ending.”

The practice of adding a haftarah reading to the Torah portion is ancient and has obscure origins. The Talmud mentions the haftarah being read in the presence of Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus (c. 70 CE) and evidence from the New Testament indicates that the haftarah readings were a common practice. Acts 13:15 states, "After the reading from the Law and the Prophets the leaders of the synagogue sent word to them saying..."

Haftarah readings given in brackets in the above table indicate readings used in the Shephardic tradition where these differ from the Ashkenazic reading.

The Maftir
The word maftir, which belongs to the same Hebrew root as haftarah [pey.tet.resh] means “concluder” and refers to the last person called [i.e., the last Aliyah (aliyah, “to go up”)] to the Torah of the succession of readers at a Sabbath morning or holiday service. This person normally reads the haftarah. The maftir reading normally repeats the last words of the parashat hashavuah. This is according to an ancient custom which sort to honor the greater importance of the Torah over the Prophetic reading (Talmud, Megillah 23a). On special Sabbaths and holidays a special reading is added [provided in the table above] which is related to the celebration or event.

A Point of interest: The division of parashot [sometimes spelled and pronounced, Parshiot or Parshiyot: the plural of parashah] found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Jewish communities (Ashkenazic, Sephardic, and Yemenite) is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls, Ch. 8. Maimonides based his division of the portions of the Torah on the Aleppo Codex.

1. The Triennial Torah Reading Cycle. In some traditions the cycle of Torah readings is completed over three years—this pattern is modelled on an ancient Rabbinic tradition in Israel [which may in fact be even older] in which each portion was divided into three parts, each part being read in sequence over the course of three years thus completing the reading of the five books of the Torah over three years. This practice has been revived in some Jewish congregations today.

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