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The Jewish Liturgical Calendar
Jewish Year, Beginning Rosh HaShanah 5772 [Civil Year 2011–2012]

The Jewish cycle of readings from the Torah and the Prophets
is central to the liturgical and religious life of Jews.
A brief explanation of the readings is outlined below. LINK
See Readings tables for Jewish Years: 5776 5777 5778

Date Event Torah Maftir Haftarah
1 Tishrei
29th September 2011
Rosh HaShanah I
ראש השנה
Gen. 21:1-34
maf. Num. 29:1-6
1 Sam. 1:1–2:10
2 Tishrei
30th September 2011
Rosh HaShanah II
ראש השנה
Gen. 22:1-24
maf. Num. 29:1-6
Jer. 31:1-19
3 Tishrei
1st October 2011
Parashat Ha'azinu
[Sabbath of Repentance, Sabbath of Return]
Shabbat Shuva
פרשת האזינו, שבת שובה
Deut. 32:1-52
Hos. 14:2-10, Mic. 7:18-20, Joel 2:15-27
4 Tishrei
2nd October 2011
Tzom Gedaliah
[Fast of Gedaliah]
יום גדליה
Fast Day
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
 
9 Tishrei
7th October 2011
erev Yom Kippr
ערב יום הכיפור
10 Tishrei
8th October 2011
Yom Kippur
[Day of Atonement]
יום הכיפור, יום הכיפורים‎
Lev. 16:1-34 [am]  
Lev. 18:1-30 [pm]
maf. Num. 29:7-11
Isa. 57:14–58:14 [am]
Book of Jonah
Micah 7:18-20 [pm]
14 Tishrei
12th October 2011
Erev Sukkot
ערב סוכות
15 Tishrei
13th October 2011
Sukkot I
סוכות א׳
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
Zech. 14:1-21
16 Tishrei
14th October 2011
Sukkot II
סוכות ב׳
Sukkot is celebrated over seven days [Eight in the Diaspora.] The first two days of Sukkot are a major holidays [Yom Tov] in the Diaspora and are followed by the Festival "weekdays" called Chol HaMoed. In Israel the Chol HaMoed begin on Sukkot Day II.
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
1 Kgs. 8:2-21
17 Tishrei
15th October 2011
Sukkot
[Shabbat Chol HaMoed]
סוכות שבת חל המועד
Ex. 33:12–34:26
maf. Num. 29:17-22
Ezek. 38:18–39:16
18 Tishrei
16th October 2011
Sukkot IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
סוכות ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Num. 29:20-28
19 Tishrei
17th October 2011
Sukkot V
[Chol HaMoed III]
סוכות ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Num. 29:23-31
20 Tishrei
18th October 2011
Sukkot VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
סוכות ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 29:26-34
21 Tishrei
19th October 2011
Sukkot VII
[Hoshanah Rabbah]
סוכות ז׳ הושנא רבה
Num. 29:26-34
22 Tishrei
20th October 2011
Shemini Atzeret
שמיני עצרת
Deut. 14:22–16:17
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
1 Kgs. 8:54-66
22 Tishrei
20th October 2011
erev Simhat Torah
ערב שמחת תורה
In most Jewish communities the Torah is read at night on Simhat Torah. [This is the only time when the Torah is read at night.] There are various customs regarding which Torah sections are read, although many select Vezot Haberachah, the last weekly portion on the Torah, omitting the last verses.
Deut. 33:1-17
[or 33:1-26]
Customs may vary.
23 Tishrei
21st October 2011
Simhat Torah
[Rejoicing in the Torah]
שמחת תורה
Simchat Torah is a celebration marking the conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings and the beginning of a new cycle. In Israel, Simhat Torah and Shemini Atzeret are celebrated on the same day.
Deut. 33:1–34:12
Gen. 1:1–2:3
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
Josh. 1:1-18
[Josh. 1:1-9]
24 Tishrei
22nd October 2011
Parashat Bereshit
פרשת בראשית
Gen. 1:1–6:8
Isa. 42:5–43:10
[Isa. 42:5-21]
30 Tishrei
28th October 2011
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
Num. 28:1-15
1 Cheshvan
29th October 2011
Parashat Noach
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
פרשת נח
Gen. 6:9–11:32
maf. Num. 28:9-15
Isa. 66:1-24
8 Cheshvan
5th November 2011
Parashat Lekh Lekha
פרשת לך-לך
Gen. 12:1–17:27Isa. 40:27–41:16
15 Cheshvan
12th November 2011
Parashat Vayera
פרשת וירא
Gen. 18:1–22:24
2 Kgs. 4:1-37
[2 Kgs. 4:1-23]
22 Cheshvan
19th November 2011
Parashat Chayei Sarah
פרשת חיי שרה
Gen. 23:1–25:18
1 Kgs. 1:1-31
29 Cheshvan
26th November 2011
Parashat Toledot
Shabbat Machar Chodesh
פרשת תולדות, שבת מחר חודש
[Sabbath before Rosh Chodesh]
Gen. 25:19–28:91 Sam. 20:18-42
1 Kislev
27th November 2011
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
Num. 28:1-15
7 Kislev
3rd December 2011
Parashat Vayetze
פרשת ויצא
Gen. 28:10–32:3
Hos. 12:13–14:10
Opt. subst. Mic. 7:18
[Hos. 11:7–12:12]
14 Kislev
10th December 2011
Parashat Vayishlach
פרשת וישלח
Gen. 32:4–36:43
Obad. 1:1-21
Opt. Hos. 11:7–12:12
[Obad. 1:1-21]
21 Kislev
17th December 2011
Parashat Vayeshev
פרשת וישב
Gen. 37:1–40:23Amos 2:6–3:8
24 Kislev
20th December 2011
Erev Chanukah
חנוכה ערב
25 Kislev
21st December 2011
Chanukah I
חנוכה א׳
Num. 7:1-17
26 Kislev
22nd December 2011
Chanukah II
חנוכה ב׳
Num. 7:18-29
27 Kislev
23rd December 2011
Chanukah III
חנוכה ב׳ בשבת
maf. Num. 7:18-23
28 Kislev
24th December 2011
Parashat Miketz
Shabbat Chanukah IV
פרשת מקץ חנוכה
Gen. 41:1–44:17
maf. Num. 7:30-35
Zech. 2:14–4:7
29 Kislev
25th December 2011
Chanukah V
חנוכה ה׳
Num. 7:36-47
30 Kislev
26th December 2011
Chanukah VI
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
חנוכה ו׳, ראש חודש טבת
Num. 28:1-15
maf. Num. 7:42-47
1 Tevet
27th December 2011
Chanukah VII
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
חנוכה ז׳, ראש חודש טבת
Num. 28:1-15
maf. Num. 7:48-53
2 Tevet
28th December 2011
Chanukah VIII
חנוכה ט׳
Num. 7:54–8:4
5 Tevet
31st December 2011
Parashat Vayigash
פרשת ויגש
Gen. 44:18–47:27Ezek. 37:15-28
10 Tevet
5th January 2012
Asara B’Tevet
[The Tenth of Tevet]
עשרה בטבת‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No haftarah for Sephardim]
12 Tevet
7th January 2012
Parashat Vayechi
פרשת ויחי
Gen. 47:28–50:261 Kgs. 2:1-12
19 Tevet
14th January 2012
Parashat Shemot
פרשת שמות
Ex. 1:1–6:1
Isa. 27:6–28:13; 29:22-23
[Jer. 1:1–2:3]
26 Tevet
21st January 2012
Parashat Vaera
פרשת וארא
Ex. 6:2–9:35Ezek. 28:25–29:21
1 Shevat
25th January 2012
Rosh Chodesh Shevat
ראש חודש שבט
Num. 28:1-15
4 Shevat
28th January 2012
Parashat Bo
פרשת בא
Ex. 10:1–13:16Jer. 46:13-28
11 Shevat
4th February 2012
Parashat Beshalach
פרשת בשלח
Ex. 13:17–17:16
Judg. 4:4–5:31
[Judg. 5:1-31]
15 Shevat
8th February 2012
Tu B’Shvat
[The Fifteenth of Sh'vat]
ט״ו בשבט‎; ראש השנה לאילנות
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
18 Shevat
11th February 2012
Parashat Yitro
פרשת יתרו
Ex. 18:1–20:23
Isa. 6:1–7:6; 9:5-6
[Isa. 6:1-13]
25 Shevat
18th February 2012
Parashat Mishpatim
Shabbat Shekalim
פרשת משפטים, שבת שקלים
Ex. 21:1–24:18
maf. Ex. 30:11-16
2 Kgs. 12:1-17
[2 Kgs. 11:17–12:17]
30 Shevat
23rd February 2012
Rosh Chodesh Adar
ראש חודש אדר
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar
24th February 2012
Rosh Chodesh Adar
ראש חודש אדר
Num. 28:1-15
2 Adar
25th February 2012
Parashat Terumah
פרשת תרומה
Ex. 25:1–27:191 Kgs. 5:26–6:13
9 Adar
3rd March 2012
Parashat Tetzaveh
Shabbat Zachor
פרשת תצוה, שבת זכור
Ex. 27:20–30:10   
maf. Deut. 25:17-19
1 Sam. 15:2-34   
[1 Sam. 15:1-34]
13 Adar
7th March 2012
Ta’anit Esther
[Fast of Esther]
תענית אסתר
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
14 Adar
8th March 2012
Purim
פורים
Ex. 17:8-16
15 Adar
9th March 2012
Shushan Purim
שושן פורים
Shushan Purim is celebrated in Jerusalem and walled cities.  
16 Adar
10th March 2012
Parashat Ki Tisa
פרשת כי תשא
Ex. 30:11–34:35
1 Kgs. 18:1-39
[1 Kgs. 18:20-39]
23 Adar
17th March 2012
Parashat Vayakhel–Pekudei
Shabbat Parah
פרשת ויקהל-פקודי, שבת פרה
Ex. 35:1–40:38
maf. Num. 19:1-22
Ezek. 36:16-38
[Ezek. 36:16-36]
1 Nisan
24th March 2012
Parashat Vayikra
Shabbat HaChodesh
Rosh Chodesh Nisan
פרשת ויקרא, שבת החודש
Lev. 1:1–5:26
Num. 28:9-15  
maf. Ex. 12:1-20
Ezek. 45:16–46:18
[Ezek. 45:18–46:15]
8 Adar
31st March 2012
Parashat Tzav
Shabbat HaGadol
פרשת צו, שבת הגדול
Lev. 6:1–8:36Mal. 3:4–24
13 Nisan
6th April 2012
Ta’anit Bechorot
[Fast of the Firstborn]
תענית בכורות‎ ,תענית בכורים
Fast Day [for the Firstborn]
Ex. 32:11–34:10
14 Nisan
6th April 2012
Erev Pesach
ערב פסח
15 Nisan
7th April 2012
Pesach I
פסח א׳
Ex. 12:21-51
maf. Num. 28:16-25
Josh. 3:5-7; 5:2–6:1, 27
[Josh. 5:2–6:1, 27]
16 Nisan
8th April 2012
Pesach II
פסח ב׳
Lev. 22:2623, 44
maf. Num. 28:16-25
2 Kgs. 23:1-9, 21-25
17 Nisan
9th April 2012
Pesach III
[Chol HaMoed I]
פסח ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Ex. 13:1-16
maf. Num. 28:19-25
18 Nisan
10th April 2012
Pesach IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
פסח ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Ex. 22:24–23:19
maf. Num. 28:19-25
19 Nisan
11th April 2012
Pesach V
[Chol HaMoed III]
פסח ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Ex. 34:1-26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
20 Nisan
12th April 2012
Pesach VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
פסח ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 9:1-14
maf. Num. 28:19-25
21 Nisan
13th April 2012
Pesach VII
פסח ז׳
Ex. 13:17–15:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
2 Sam. 22:1-51
22 Nisan
14th April 2012
Pesach VIII Shabbat
פסח ח׳, שבת
Deut. 14:2216:17
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Isa. 10:32–12:6
27 Nisan
19th April 2012
Yom HaShoah
[Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day]
יום השואה, יום הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה
29 Nisan
21st April 2012
Parashat Shemini
פרשת שמיני, שבת מחר חודש
[Sabbath before Rosh Chodesh]
Lev. 9:1–11:471 Sam. 20:18-42
30 Nisan
22nd April 2012
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
Num. 28:1-15
1 Iyar
23rd April 2012
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
Num. 28:1-15
3 Iyar
25th April 2012
Yom HaZikaron
[Israeli Remembrance Day]
יום הזיכרון, יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה‎
[Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day]
4 Iyar
26th April 2012
Yom Ha’Atzmaut
[Israel Independence Day]
יום העצמאות‎
Deut. 7:12–8:18
Isa. 10:32–12:6
6 Iyar
28th April 2012
Parashat Tazria-Metzorah
פרשת תזריע-מצרע
Lev. 12:1–15:332 Kgs. 7:3-20
13 Iyar
5th May 2012
Parashat Aharei Mot-Kedoshim
פרשת אחרי מות-קדשים
Lev. 16:1–20:27
Amos 9:7-15
[Ezek. 20:2-20]
14 Iyar
6th May 2012
Pesach Sheini
פסח שני
Pesach Sheini is a special celebration of Passover which is celebrated exactly one month after Passover. Its historical purpose was to allow those who for special reason where not able to bring the Passover sacrifice on the correct date to have a second opportunity to do so. The celebration is mentioned in the Torah (Num. 9:1-14).
18 Iyar
10th May 2012
Lag Ba’Omer
[33rd Day in the Omer]
ל״ג בעומר
Lag B'Omer or Lag L'Omer is a holiday marking the 33rd day of the Counting of the Omer and falls on the 18th day of Iyar.
20 Iyar
12th May 2012
Parashat Emor
פרשת אמור
Lev. 21:1–24:23Ezek. 44:15-31
5 Sivan
14th May 2012
erev Shavuot
ערב שבועות
27 Iyar
19th May 2012
Parashat Behar-Behukotai
פרשת בהר-בחקתי
Lev. 25:1–27:34
Jer. 16:19–17:14
28 Iyar
20th May 2012
Yom Yerushalayim
[Jerusalem Day]
יום ירושלים‎
1 Sivan
22nd May 2012
Rosh Chodesh Sivan
ראש חודש סיון
Num. 28:1-15
5 Sivan
26th May 2012
Parashat Bamidbar
erev Shavuot
פרשת במדבר
Num. 1:1–4:20Hos. 2:1-22
6 Sivan
27th May 2012
Shavuot I
שבועות
Ex. 19:1–20:23
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Ezek. 1:1-28; 3:12
7 Sivan
28th May 2012
Shavuot II
שבועות
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Hab. 3:1-19
[Hab. 2:20–3:19]
12 Sivan
2nd June 2012
Parashat Naso
פרשת נשא
Num. 4:21–7:89Judg. 13:2-25
19 Sivan
9th June 2012
Parashat Beha'alotkha
פרשת בהעלתך
Num. 8:1–12:16
Zech. 2:14–4:7
26 Sivan
16th June 2012
Parashat Shelach Lekha
פרשת שלח־לך
Num. 13:1–15:41Josh. 2:1-24
30 Sivan
20th June 2012
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
Num. 28:1-28
1 Tammuz 5772
21st June 2012
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
Num. 28:1-28
3 Tammuz
23rd June 2012
Parashat Korach
פרשת קורח
Num. 16:1–18:321 Sam. 11:14–12:22
10 Tammuz
30th June 2012
Parashat Chukat
פרשת חקת
Num. 19:1–22:1Judg. 11:1-33
17 Tammuz
7th July 2012
Parashat Balak
פרשת בלק
Num. 22:2–25:9Micah 5:6–6:8
18 Tammuz
8th July 2012
Tzom Tammuz
[17th Tammuz - Shiv'ah Asar b'Tammuz]
צום תמוז, שבעה עשר בתמוז‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
24 Tammuz
14th July 2012
Parashat Pinchas
1st Haftarah Admonition
פרשת פינחס
Num. 25:10–30:1
1st Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 1:1–2:3
1 Av
20th July 2012
Rosh Chodesh Av
ראש חודש אב
Num. 28:1-15
2 Av
21st July 2012
Parashat Matot-Masei
2nd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת מטות-מסעי
Num. 30:2–36:13
2nd Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 2:4-28; 3:4
[Jer. 2:4-28; 4:1-2]
9 Av
28th July 2012
Parashat Devarim
[Sabbath of Vision]
Shabbat Chazon
3rd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת דברים, שבת חזון
Deut. 1:1–3:22
3rd Haftarah of Admonition
Isa. 1:1-27
9 Av
28th July 2012
erev Tisha B'Av
תשעה באב
The Book of Lamentations
[The Book of Job may be read also.]
10 Av
29th July 2012
Tisha B'Av
[The Ninth of Av]
ט׳ באב, תשעה באב‎
[Fast Day]
Deut. 4:25-40 [am]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [pm]
Jer. 8:13–9:23 [am]
Isa. 55:6-56:8 [pm]
[Hos. 14:2-10; Micah 7:18-20]
15 Av
3rd August 2012
Tu B’Av
[The Fifteenth of Av]
ט"ו באב
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
16 Av
4th August 2012
Parashat Va’etchanan
Shabbat Nachamu
1st Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ואתחנן, שבת נחמו
Deut. 3:23–7:11
1st Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 40:1-26
23 Av
11th August 2012
Parashat Ekev
2nd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת עקב
Deut. 7:12–11:25
2nd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 49:14–51:3
30 Av
18th August 2012
Parashat Re'eh
3rd Haftarah Consolation
Rosh Chodesh Elul
פרשת ראה, ראש חודש
Deut. 11:26–16:17
maf. Num. 28:9-15
3rd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:11–55:5
[In some congregations,
Isa. 66:1-24]
1 Elul
19th August 2012
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
Num. 28:1-15
7 Elul
25th August 2012
Parashat Shofetim
4th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת שופטים
Deut. 16:18–21:9
4th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 51:12–52:12
14 Elul
1st September 2012
Parashat Ki Tetze
5th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תצא
Deut. 21:10–25:19
5th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:1-10
21 Elul
8th September 2012
Parashat Ki Tavo
6th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תבוא
Deut. 26:1–29:8
6th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 60:1-22
28 Elul
15th September 2012
Parashat Nitzavim
7th Haftarah Consolation
Shabbat Selichot [Ashkenazim]
פרשת נצבים
Selichot prayers begin on the Saturday night before Rosh HaShanah for Ashkenazim. If, however, the first day of Rosh HaShanah falls on Monday or Tuesday, Selichot are said beginning the Saturday night prior.
Deut. 29:9–30:20
7th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 61:10–63:9
29 Elul
16th September 2012
Erev Rosh HaShanah
ערב ראש השנה
 

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A brief explanation of the Jewish cycle of readings

The Parashat Hashavuah—The Portion of the Week
The Jewish yearly cycle of Torah readings is divided into weekly portions. Each portion—in Hebrew, a parashah—is part of a sequential reading of the Torah [aka. The Five Books of Moses, The Chumash, or the Pentateuch] so that the whole of the Torah is read within a yearly cycle. [Some Jewish communities follow a Triennial Torah reading cycle.1]

In the table above the Parashat Hashavuah is listed with its accompanying Haftarah reading. The name of the parashah [portion] is taken from the first words of the parashah. There are 54 weekly portions—one for each year of the Jewish leap year. In non-leap years [50 weeks] portions are paired and read together.

The table above, beginning with Rosh Hashanah—the first day of the Jewish year—follows the Ashkenazic tradition for Torah and Haftarah readings and completes the entire reading cycle within one year. Communities who read the Parashat Hashavuah over three years will read a section from each parashah each week.

The Haftarah
The haftarah is a reading from the Prophets and adds a reflection to the parashah. While each parashah normally has its own accompanying haftarah reading, the haftarah reading also varies, during the year, according to special festivals or events. The word haftarah comes from the Hebrew root pey.tet.resh, meaning “concluding”, “parting” or “ending.”

The practice of adding a haftarah reading to the Torah portion is ancient and has obscure origins. The Talmud mentions the haftarah being read in the presence of Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus (c. 70 CE) and evidence from the New Testament indicates that the haftarah readings were a common practice. Acts 13:15 states, "After the reading from the Law and the Prophets the leaders of the synagogue sent word to them saying..."

Haftarah readings given in brackets in the above table indicate readings used in the Shephardic tradition where these differ from the Ashkenazic reading.

The Maftir
The word maftir, which belongs to the same Hebrew root as haftarah [pey.tet.resh] means “concluder” and refers to the last person called [i.e., the last Aliyah (aliyah, “to go up”)] to the Torah of the succession of readers at a Sabbath morning or holiday service. This person normally reads the haftarah. The maftir reading normally repeats the last words of the parashat hashavuah. This is according to an ancient custom which sort to honor the greater importance of the Torah over the Prophetic reading (Talmud, Megillah 23a). On special Sabbaths and holidays a special reading is added [provided in the table above] which is related to the celebration or event.

A Point of interest: The division of parashot [sometimes spelled and pronounced, Parshiot or Parshiyot: the plural of parashah] found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Jewish communities (Ashkenazic, Sephardic, and Yemenite) is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls, Ch. 8. Maimonides based his division of the portions of the Torah on the Aleppo Codex.

1. The Triennial Torah Reading Cycle. In some traditions the cycle of Torah readings is completed over three years—this pattern is modelled on an ancient Rabbinic tradition in Israel [which may in fact be even older] in which each portion was divided into three parts, each part being read in sequence over the course of three years thus completing the reading of the five books of the Torah over three years. This practice has been revived in some Jewish congregations today.

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